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ACADEMIC STAFF MATTERS

The following personnel joined the academic staff of the School during 2001 or took up new appointments in 2001:

Dr C. Bryant

ARC Postdoctoral Fellow – Geochronology and Isotope Geochemistry

Dr T. Esat

Senior Fellow – IPC Environment Projects

Dr F.S. Fabel

Research Fellow – Geodynamics

Professor T.M. Harrison

Director, RSES

Dr R. Kerr

Fellow to Senior Fellow – Geophysical Fluid Dynamics

Dr A. Kiss

ARC Postdoctoral Fellow – Geophysical Fluid Dynamics

Dr M. Palin

Research Officer – Ore Genesis

Dr N. Rawlinson

Postdoctoral Fellow (from Monash University) – Seismology and Geomagnetism

Dr M. Sambridge

Fellow to Senior Fellow – Seismology and Geomagnetism

Dr N. Spooner

Research Fellow to Fellow – IPC Environment Projects

Dr E. Tenthorey

Postdoctoral Fellow – Petrophysics

The following personnel left the academic staff of the School during 2001:

Dr J. Hermann

Relinquished his position as ARC Postdoctoral Fellow in the Petrochemistry and Experimental Petrology Group to take up a new 3-year fellowship for "advanced scientists" funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation. Dr Hermann remains in the Petrochemistry and Experimental Petrology Group as a Visiting Fellow.

Dr M. Palin

Left his position as Research Officer in the Ore Genesis Group to take up a faculty appointment in the Department of Geology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Dr W. Taylor

Left his position as Research Fellow, Petrochemistry and Experimental Petrology to take up a position as Exploration Manager, Elkedra Diamonds NL in WA.

 

THESES SUBMITTED IN 2001

PHD

Name
Thesis Title
Supervisor/Advisor

Mr J. Ballard

A comparative study between the geochemistry of ore-bearing and barren calc-alkaline instructions

Supervisor: Dr I Campbell (RSES)

Advisors: Dr J. Mavrogenes and Dr M. Palin (RSES)

Mr H.-X. Cheng

Seismic body-wave attenuation in the Upper Mantle beneath the Australian continent.

Supervisor: Professor B.L.N. Kennett (RSES)

Advisors: Dr I. Jackson and Dr M Sambridge (RSES) [submitted in 2000]

Ms P.M. English

Cainozoic evolution and hydrogeology of Lake Lewis Basin, Central Australia

Supervisors: Professor J. Chappell and Dr B. Pillans (RSES)

Advisor: Professor R.A. Eggleton (Geology, Faculty of Sciences ANU)

Ms J.M. Evans

Calibration of the production rates of cosmogenic 36Cl from potassium

Supervisors: Dr K. Fifield (RSPHYSSE) and Dr J. Stone (Washington State)

Advisor: Professor A. Chivas (Newcastle)

Mr Y. Hiyoshi

Regional surface waveform inversion for Australian paths

Supervisor: Professor B.L.N. Kennett (RSES)

Advisors: Dr E. Debayle (University of Strasbourg) and Dr M. Sambridge (RSES)

Ms J. Kemp

Palaeohydrology and geomorphology of the Lachlan Valley, New South Wales

Supervisor: Professor J. Chappell (RSES)

Advisors: Professor G.S. Hope (RSPAS) and Dr J. Croke CSIRO)

Mr C.W.J. Magee

Geologic, microstructural and spectroscopic constraints on the origin and history of carbonado diamond

Supervisor: Dr H. O’Neill (RSES)

Advisors: Dr I.S. Williams, Dr A. Berry, Dr W. Taylor and Dr M. Palin (RSES)

Ms K.A.. Marson-Pidgeon

Seismogram synthesis for teleseismic events with application to source and structural studies

Supervisor: Professor B.L.N. Kennett (RSES)

Advisors: Dr M.S. Sambridge and Dr A. Gorbatov (RSES)

Mr B.T. Setiabudi

Geochemistry and geochronology of the igneous suite associated with the Kelian epithermal gold deposit, Indonesia

Supervisor: Dr I.H. Campbell (RSES)

Advisors: Dr J. Mavrogenes and Dr M. Palin (RSES)

Mr M.G. Wells

Convection, turbulent mixing and salt fingers

Supervisor: Professor R.W. Griffiths (RSES)

Advisors: Dr G. Hughes (RSES) and Dr J.R. Taylor (ADFA)

POSTGRADUATE AWARDS AND SCHOLARSHIPS

Australian National University Scholarship

  • Mr S. Fishwick
  • Ms J. Mullarney
  • Mr Y. Zhou

Australian Postgraduate Award:

  • Ms R. Gresham

A.L. Hales Honours Year Scholarship:

Mr R. O’Leary - Australian National University

  • Project: Dolerite hosted gold mineralisation at Argo Deposit, St Ives Gold Operations, WA
  • Supervisor: Professor S.F. Cox (RSES)

Ms A. Kalinowski - Australian National University

  • Project: An experimental investigation into the causes and effects of sulfide partial melting at Broken Hill NSW, Australia
  • Supervisor: Dr J. Mavrogenes (RSES)

Mr K. Worden - Australian National University

  • Project: Petrology of the Takitimu Mountains, Southland New Zealand
  • Supervisor: Professor R. Arculus (Geology, ANU) and Dr I. Campbell (RSES)

 

SUMMER RESEARCH SCHOLARSHIPS

Michelle Baker - University of Waikato

  • Project: Geochemical analysis of basalt soil from North Queensland, Australia
  • Supervisors: Professor M McCulloch and Dr C. Martin (Environmental Geochemistry and Geomagnetism)

Jennifer Eccles - University of Auckland

  • Project: 3-D structure of Australia
  • Supervisors: Professor B. Kennett and Dr M. Sambridge (Seismology and Geomagnetism)

Benjamin Garden - University of Otago

  • Project: Experimental phase equilibria and megacryst chemistry of the Kakanui nephelinite.
  • Supervisor: Dr S. Eggins (Petrochemistry and Experimental Petrology)

Kate Procko - University of Adelaide

  • Project: OCELOT2000: Preliminary analysis and investigation.
  • Supervisor: Dr F.E.M. Lilley (Seismology and Geomagnetism)

Michelle Salmon - Victoria University of Wellington

  • Project: Modelling crustal deformation patterns after the M8.0 New Ireland earthquake of November 2000
  • Supervisor: Dr J. Braun (Geodynamics)

Martin Smith - University of New South Wales

  • Project: A palaeomagnetic study of weathering profiles in the Cobar Basin, NSW
  • Supervisor: Dr B. Pillans (Environmental Processes)

Marion Walls - Victoria University of Wellington

  • Project: Seismic tomographic imaging of the NW Pacific, proximal to Japan
  • Supervisors: Professor B. Kennett, Dr A. Gorbatov and Dr M. Sambridge (Seismology and Geomagnetism)

Briar Wait - University of Auckland

  • Project: Geochemistry of soils from the Johnstone River, Queensland
  • Supervisor: Professor M. McCulloch

     

HONOURS AND AWARDS

(Academic Staff)

 Dr Campbell was awarded a Centre of Excellence Fellowship from the Japanese Government to work in Japan for up to twelve months. Dr Campbell has also been included in the Science Citation Index list of Highly Cited Researchers (top 0.5% of cited authors).

Professor R.W. Griffiths was elected a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science and also elected a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union.

Professor R. Grün was elected visiting fellow at St Catherine’s College, Oxford, during his overseas study leave.

Dr R.C. Kerr was elected a Fellow of the Australian Institute of Physics.

Professor K Lambeck was awarded the Prix International Georges Lemaître 2001prize, a prize awarded by Louvain University in Belgium for research in astrophysics and geophysics. Professor K Lambeck was also awarded the 2001 Tage Erlander prize by the Swedish Research Council to carry out research into the glacial history, sea-level change and crustal rebound in Sweden. The second stage of this Erlander Professorship is to be taken up in 2002.

Professor M.T. McCulloch received the ISI Citation Laureate Award for authoring multiple high-impact papers from the period 1981-1998.

(Students)

Mr Wilfred Lus, from the Petrochemistry and Experimental Petrology Group, received an Outstanding Student Paper award at the AGU Fall Meeting held in San Franscisco from December 10 to 14, 2001. His paper was entitled "Papuan Ultramafic Belt Ophiolite: Field Mapping, Petrology, Mineral Chemistry Geochemistry, Geochronology, and Experimental Studies of the Metamorphic sole".

 

VISITORS

Dr Martine Amalvict of the Université Louis Pasteur in Strasbourg visited for two weeks in June to collect and analyse gravity and geodetic data at the Superconducting Gravimeter site at Mt Stromlo.

Dr A.A. Bidokhti, Geophysics Department, University of Tehran, was a Visiting Fellow in the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Group from October 2000 to June 2001 and carried out experiments modeling ocean outflows from marginal seas and gulfs.

Professor K. Bahr, of the University of Gottingen, Germany, visited the Seismology and Geomagnetism Group in March. He presented a group seminar, and discussed recent magnetotelluric studies of the Australian crust and upper mantle with Dr F.E.M. Lilley.

Ms I.P. Buxbom, PhD student at the Hydrodynamics Laboratory, Denmark Technical University, visited the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Group 14–25 May and gave a seminar on wave-induced flow through sediments.

Dr J. Bye and Mr J. Vladusic of the Mathematics Department, Melbourne University, were School Visitors 24–28 March and 4–8 June. They carried out experiments in the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics laboratory to investigate surface wind-wave interactions.

Professor K.V. Cashman of the Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, was a Visiting Fellow in the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Group, 30 April–18 May, to continue a collaborative project with Professor R.W. Griffiths and Dr R.C. Kerr on solidification in channellised basaltic lava flows.

Dr S.W.J. Clement, Ion Optical Consulting, Prince Edward Island, visited the Ion Probe group for a month in November-December to work with members of the group on the ion optics of the SHRIMP II multiple collector.

Bénédicte Duffait of the University Joseph Fourier in Grenoble visited for 6 months as a PhD student under joint supervision between Peter Van der Beek and Jean Braun

Professor Kenneth Eriksson from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University visited the Ore Genesis Group for six months to work with Drs Campbell, Palin and Allen dating detrital zircons from North American rivers and Appalatian sandstones.

Associate Professor I. Ferguson of the Department of Geological Sciences, University of Manitoba, Canada, visited the Seismology and Geomagnetism Group in July, and worked on the interpretation of the Carpentaria conductivity anomaly. He gave a group seminar on "The electrical resistivity structure of a major fault: the Great Slave Lake Shear Zone, NW Territories, Canada".

Dr Susan Frederiksen of the Harhus University, Denmark, visited for one year to do research in collaboration with Jean Braun

Dr A. Glikson, ANU, has been a Visiting Fellow with the Petrochemistry and Experimental Petrology group from 19 July, in view of his interests in early crustal evolution.

Dr J. Goodge, Southern Methodist University, departed in January after spending a 6-month sabbatical in the Ion Probe group, during which he worked with Dr I.S. Williams and Mr M. Fanning in a collaborative study of the record of the history of the Antarctic craton and Neoproterozoic to early Paleozoic sedimentation as exposed in the Transantarctic Mountains.

Mr Anthony Harris, a PhD student from University of Queensland worked with Drs Campbell, Palin and Allen to date igneous intrusions associated with the Alumbrera magmatic-hydrothermal system in the Farallon Negro district, NW Argentina.

Dr C. Hilgers, RWTH-Aachen (Germany) visited Professor S.F. Cox and Dr E. Tenthorey for three months from October to undertake high pressure experiments on crack sealing.

Professor A. Hofmann, Max-Planck-Institute, Mainz, Germany was a Visiting Fellow from 26 March to 2 April and held discussions with the Petrochemistry, Environmental Geochemistry and Isotope Geochemistry groups and also gave a school seminar.

Mr A. Hogg, PhD student in the Centre for Water Research, University of Western Australia, visited the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Group, 19–20 February, in order to discuss the effects of mixing on buoyancy-driven exchange flows between ocean basins and marginal seas.

Dr J. Hollis, N. Daczko, and G. Clarke, University of Sydney visited RSES to carry out SHRIMP age determinations on rocks from Fiordland, New Zealand.

Dr J.R. Holloway of the Arizona State University, USA, was a visiting Fellow from 4-10 January.

Dr M. Hutchison, University of Arizona, USA, has started a Visiting Fellowship with the Petrochemistry and Experimental Petrology group from 1 November 2000, to work on the geochemistry of diamond indicators and major and trace element partitioning between high pressure phases.

Ms P. Lavery and Ms A. Storkey, graduate students from La Trobe University, Melbourne, visited the Ion Probe group for 10 days in November-December to work with Dr I.S. Williams on the history of partial melting, deformation and fluid flow in the Harts Range region, central Australia, as recorded by the U-Pb systems in titanite, monazite and zircon.

Dr J.-P. Li, Chinese Academy of Sciences, has been a Visiting Fellow from 1 November 2000 with the Petrochemistry and Experimental Petrology group to study experimentally the genesis of shoshonites from the Tibetan plateau.

Professor P.F. Linden, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California at San Diego, visited the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Group, 17–19 December.

Dr J.R. Lister, Institute of Theoretical Geophysics, University of Cambridge, visited the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Group, 16 December 2001–5 January 2002.

Dr T. Matsumoto of Osaka University visited the Geochronology and Isotope Geochemistry group for five weeks in February to work with Dr M. Honda on nitrogen analysis on a suite of alpine-type peridotites from the Horoman ultramafic complex, Hokkaido, Japan.

Dr K. Misawa, Japanese National Institute of Polar Research, visited the Ion Probe group for a week in March for consultations with Dr I.S. Williams on ion probe analytical procedures.

Professor P. Myrow, The Colorado College, visited the Ion Probe group for two weeks in April to work with Dr I.S. Williams on a study of the provenance of late Neoproterozoic and early Paleozoic marine sediments from northern India to test alternative scenarios for the assembly of Gondwana.

Dr T. Nakajima, Geological Survey of Japan, visited the Ion Probe group for three weeks in June to work with Dr I.S. Williams dating plutonic rocks from Pakistan and Japan.

Dr M. Rattenbury of the Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences, Lower Hutt, New Zealand visited RSES to use the SHRIMP for geochronological studies of high-grade gneisses from the West Coast, South Island, New Zealand.

Dr J.W. Rottman, University of California at San Diego, visited the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Group, 15–20 December, and gave a lecture on the modelling of turbulent mixing in stratified flows.

Dr F. Simpson, University of Adelaide, visited the Seismology and Geomagnetism Group in March. She discussed recent magnetotelluric studies of the Australian Upper Mantle with Dr F.E.M. Lilley, and presented a School seminar.

Dr S. Redfern, Cambridge University, UK, has been a Visiting Fellow with the Petrochemistry and Experimental Petrology group from August 2001 to collaborate with Dr H. O’Neill on a number of projects centring on order-disorder phenomena in minerals.

Professor T. Sato of the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan visited the Geodynamics group in November to work with the superconducting gravimeter at Mt Stromlo and discuss analysis of observations.

Dr M. Schmidt, CNRS, Clermont-Ferrand, France, visited the Petrochemistry and Experimental Petrology group for six months to work on an experimental investigation of ankaramites.

Dr Keith Sircombe, University of Western Australia worked with Drs Campbell and Palin, dating detrital zircons using the laser ICP-MS.

Dr Song Biao, Dr Wan Yusheng and Dr Jian Ping, Chinese Ministry of Land and Resources, visited the Ion Probe group for a month in February-March to be trained by Dr I.S. Williams in ion probe sample preparation and analysis techniques as part of the terms of sale of a SHRIMP II to the Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing

Dr J.R. Taylor, Physics Department, University of New South Wales at the Australian Defence Force Academy, was a Visiting Fellow in the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Group for 4 months, September–December, while on sabbatical leave. He carried out laboratory experiments with frontogenesis and gravity current flows to model phenomena observed in the atmospheric boundary layer of Southeast Australia.

Dr Kentaro Terada, Hiroshima University, departed in mid January after a 5-week visit to the Ion Probe group to work with Dr I.S. Williams on negative ion stable isotope analysis using the SHRIMP II ion probe. The visit was funded by the Australian Academy of Science as part of its exchange program with the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.

Professor Nico Vlaar of the University of Utrecht visited for 3 months, working on Archaean Tectonics.

Dr S.D. Weaver and Ms V. Tappenden, Dept of Geological Sciences Canterbury University, New Zealand visited RSES to use the SHRIMP for geochronology of New Zealand and Western Antarctica.

Ms C. Zhao from the Seismological Bureau of Urumqi, China is visiting the Seismology and Geomagnetism Group for one year.

Dr G. Witt-Eikschen, University of Köln, Germany, visited the Petrochemistry and Experimental Petrology Group from 26 April to 17 July to undertake a collaborative study with Dr H. O’Neill and other members of the P&EP group on trace element partitioning among the minerals of spinel lherzolite xenoliths from the Eifel, Germany, using the laser-ablation ICP-MS.

Professor J.S. Turner was an Emeritus Professor and a Visiting Fellow in the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Group.

 

CONFERENCES AND OUTSIDE STUDIES

Dr C. Allen attended the 2001: A Hydrothermal Odyssey, in Townsville and presented a paper, 16–20 May.

Dr R. Armstrong attended the European Union of Geosciences (EUG XI) meeting in Strasbourg, France where he co-authored several research papers. He also participated in a field/technical meeting of the IGCP 418 Working Group in South Africa, where aspects of the Kibaran geology of southern Africa were studied.

Dr V. Bennett attended the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston in March and presented a co-authored paper on the "Highly siderophile element characteristics of Apollo 17 lunar impact breccias". She was a visiting scientist at the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution, Washington, D.C. during March-April. In December she convened a special session on "Highly Siderophile Elements in the Earth, Moon and Planets" at the American Geophysical Union meeting (San Francisco, Ca.) and presented two papers as part of session.

Mr J.P. Bernal attended the 7th Australasian Conference on Isotopes in the Environment, Robertson, NSW, 24-27 September, 2001, where he presented a co-authored paper entitled "U-decay series in weathering minerals, can we make them tell the time?"

Dr A.J. Berry attended the Goldschmidt conference in Virginia, USA, from 20–24 May where he presented work on the oxidation states of chromium and iron in silicate melts. He also presented seminars to the School of Chemistry, University of Sydney, and the School of Physics, Australian Defence Force Academy.

Dr I. Campbell attended the European Union of Geosciences Meeting in Strasbourg, where he presented a paper and represented Australia at the Annual Meeting of the Council of the International Mineralogical Association. After the meeting he gave talks at the universities of Cambridge, Bristol and Cardiff. Dr I. Campbell was also awarded a Centre of Excellence Fellowship by the Japanese Government to work with Professor Nakamura at the Institute for Study of the Earth’s Interior, Okayama University. While in Japan he attended a workshop on "Transport of Materials in the Dynamic Earth", where he presented a paper. He also gave talks at the universities of Tokyo and Tohoku and at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. Dr I. Campbell attended the 2001: A Hydrothermal Odyssey, in Townsville, 16–20 May and presented a paper.

Professor S.F. Cox gave an invited keynote presentation at "2001: A Structural Odyssey", the conference of the Geological Society of Australia’s Specialist Group in Tectonics and Structural Geology, held at Ulverstone, Tasmania, in February. Professor Cox gave an oral presentation at "2001: A Hydrothermal Odyssey", in Townsville in June. Professor S.F. Cox also provided an invited presentation at the "International Symposium on Slip and Flow Processes Near the Base of the Seismogenic Region", held in Sendai, Japan, between 4 and 8 November.

Dr S. Eggins attended the 7th Australasian Conference on Isotopes in the Environment, Robertson, NSW, 24–26 September 2001.

Mr C.M. Fanning presented papers at the European Union of Geosciences XI meeting in Strasbourg in April and at the III South American Symposium on Isotope Geology in Pucon, Chile, during October. Mr Fanning also presented talks on the application of SHRIMP to dating metamorphic rocks at Southern Methodist University in Texas in March and the University of Granada in Spain in April. Mr Fanning was involved with the collection of further Duluth Gabbro samples for use as a zircon reference with staff of the National Institute for Polar Research, Tokyo, and the Geological Survey of Japan during October. Mr Fanning was an invited speaker at the "International Geoscience Symposium on Tectono-metamorphic history of East Gondwana: geochronological and petrological approach" held during January at the Research Institute of Natural Sciences, Okayama University of Science, Japan.

Dr U. Faul attended the 6th meeting of the Australian Microbeam Analysis Society in Sydney from 12–16 February to participate in an EBSD workshop and give a presentation entitled "EBSD mapping of silicates". He also gave a seminar at Macquarie University and participated in the "Exploring the Earth" symposium at the Australian National University. Dr U. Faul further attended the 11th Annual Goldschmidt Conference in Hot Springs, Virginia, USA from 20–24 May where he presented a paper on "Constraints on Porosity in Partially Molten Regions in the Upper Mantle from Permeability Measurements and U-series Modeling". Dr Faul subsequently visited the Earth Sciences Department, University of California, Santa Cruz were he presented a seminar. He further attended the conference "Transport of Material in the Dynamic Earth" Kurayoshi, Japan, from 2–6 October where he presented a poster entitled "High-T viscoelasticity in synthetic olivine aggregates: role of grain size and melt fraction".

Dr J. Fitz Gerald visited the Department of Earth Sciences at the University of Liverpool in March-April for familiarisation with a new field-emission electron microscope recently installed. From there, he attended the conference Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics at Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands and presented a paper "Seismic wave attenuation in olivine: quantification of grainsize sensitivity and the influence of partial melting" and a poster "Slip systems, dislocation generation and dynamic recrystallization of plagioclase in single crystal experiments". In May he attended the Australian Workshop on Nanotubes and Fullerenes in Canberra to present a paper "Effects of annealing times on formation and growth of BN nanotubes".

Professor R.W. Griffiths attended the 8th National Conference of the Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society held at the University of Tasmania in February. He also attended the Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco in December, where he presented an invited paper on "Solidification in channel flows: lava tubes or a’a’ flows?". While on two weeks Outside Studies Leave he visited Arizona State University and the University of Oregon to continue collaborative research on lava flow dynamics. In April he spent two weeks Outside Studies Leave taking field observations of lava flows in Hawaii.

Professor Rainer Grün was on overseas study leave from the beginning of April to the end of October at the Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art. He worked with Dr Alistair Pike on the problem of uranium migration into teeth. Together with Professor Chris Stringer from the Natural History Museum, London (palaeoanthropology), Dr Martin Richards, University of Huddersfield (genetics), and Dr William Davies, Cambridge (archaeology), Professor Grün initiated and discussed the concept for a major review paper on the timing of modern human evolution. It is anticipated that the paper will be finished by the beginning of 2002. Professor Grün carried out fieldwork in South Africa, with Dr J. Brink, Bloemfontein, to work on the newly discovered human remains from Cornelia. He gave a seminar at the National Museum, Bloemfontein. Professor Grün carried out fieldwork in Spain in collaboration with Professor Trinidad de Torres, Escuela Tecnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid, to work on cave bear evolution. In the UK, he gave seminars at the Department of Geography, University of Oxford, the Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, University of Oxford, Department of Archaeology, University of Bristol and the Medial School, University College of London. He was invited to give a seminar at the Institut für Geochemie, Mineralogie und Lagerstättenkunde, Universität Frankfurt. He met with Professor Ulrich Radtke, Universität zu Köln, Professor Helene Valladas, CNRS, Gif-sur-Yvette, and Professor Martin Aitken, Augerolles, for the discussion of collaborative projects and progress in the field of Quaternary geochronology. Together with Professor Helmut Wopfner and Dr Alexandra Hilgers, Universität zu Köln, Professor Grün collected samples in the Stretzlecki desert for the dating of the onset of dune formation. Professor Grün was invited to the International Symposium on New Prospects of ESR Dosimetry and Dating, 25–27 October 2001, Osaka, where he gave a talk on non-destructive ESR dating of tooth enamel. He chaired session B: Dating. He was also invited to the 3rd Asia-Pacific EPR/ESR Symposium, 29 October to 1 November 2001, Kobe, Japan, where he presented a plenary seminar on ESR dating applications in archaeology and earth sciences and chaired Session S1: Geology and EPR Dosimetry.

Miss E. Hendy was awarded ‘Best student poster’ for ‘Coral evidence for abrupt changes in ocean-atmosphee dynamics in the western Pacific since 1565 AD’ presented at the EuroConference on ‘Abrupt Climate Change Dynamics: Achieving climate predictability using paleoclimate data’, held at Castelvecchio Pascoli, Italy, 10–15 November 2001. Miss Hendy was also an invited speaker for the ‘Young Scientists Plenary’ at the Geological Society of New Zealand Conference (November 26–29) held at Waikato University, Hamilton, New Zealand. Her talk was entitled ‘The Great Barrier Reef since 1565 AD from a coral’s perspective’, and she also presented a poster of ‘Historical die-offs in massive Porites cores’. She gave two presentations at the AUSCORE meeting on South Stradbroke Island, 16–19 February 2001, the talks were ‘Multi-proxy reproducibility of decadal-centennial scale SST variation on the GBR’ and ‘A snapshot of isotope and trace element ratios in GBR Porites colonies from 12°S to 22°S’.

Dr J. Hermann attended a conference on "Fluid/Slab/Mantle Interactions and Ultrahigh-P Minerals", Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan, 30–31 August 2001 and the "6th International Eclogite Conference", Niihama, Japan, 1–7 September 2001.

Dr M. Honda was invited to Japan under the "FY2000 JSPS (the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science) Invitation Fellowship Program for Research in Japan, and gave lectures at several universities. He also attended the AGU Fall meeting in San Francisco where he presented a paper entitled "Xenon compositions of magmatic zircons in 3.63 and 3.81 Ga meta granitoids from Greenland – a search for a record of extinct 244Pu in ancient terrestrial rocks".

Dr G.O. Hughes visited the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Canterbury, in April and gave a seminar on "The mixing due to a turbulent patch in a density-stratified fluid". He also attended the 14th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference held at the University of Adelaide in December, where he presented a paper on the "Damping of internal gravity waves in stratified fluids".

Dr Ireland attended the Goldschmidt 2001 Conference, Hot Springs, Virginia, and presented an invited paper on SHRIMP geochronology at the Krogh Symposium and presented another paper on the chronology of the early solar system. Dr Ireland also participated in the National Space Science Association’s annual meeting in Sydney and presented a paper on upcoming sample-return missions.

Dr I. Jackson presented invited lectures at the Goldschmidt conference in Virginia in May and at the Gordon conference on the Earth’s Interior in New Hampshire in June. During this trip to the USA, he also lectured at UCLA, the Carnegie Institution of Washington, Princeton University, and the State University of New York at Stony Brook. In August he attended and presented papers at the IASPEI/IAGA joint assembly in Hanoi, Vietnam. Dr Jackson also chaired the organising committee for the conference Exploring the Earth: a Celebration of Four Journeys in Canberra in February.

Dr R.C. Kerr attended the 14th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference held at the University of Adelaide in December. He presented papers on "Theoretical and experimental modelling of thermal erosion by laminar lava flows" and on "Surface solidification in open channel flow". He also acted as chairman for the Invited Review Lecture on "Oceanography and Geophysical Flows".

Professor B.L.N. Kennett attended the Ocean Hemisphere Project Symposium at Mt Fuji in Japan in January giving a paper on the nature of heterogeneity in the Earth’s Interior. In March he travelled to Europe on Outside Studies Leave. He spent some weeks at EOST, Université Louis Pasteur in Strasbourg working with Dr E. Debayle on surface wave tomography and attended the European Union of Geosciences meeting, presenting a paper on the development of tomographic methods. He then moved to Norway and worked for nearly two months at the Norwegian Seismic Array (NORSAR) including studies of location of seismic events at regional distances and in 3-D structures. He presented seminars at NORSAR, the University of Oslo and the University of Bergen and a presentation to a Workshop on Calibration of Seismic Locations. Professor Kennett attended the IUGG Executive Committee meeting in Sapporo at the beginning of August; later in the month he travelled to Hanoi for the Joint General Assembly of IAGA and IASPEI. In addition to his duties as President of IASPEI, he gave two papers, one on regionalised travel times and the other on surface wave velocities and anisotropy under Australia. He gave a presentation on mantle structure at the Australian Crustal Research Centre Symposium in Melbourne in November. In December he attended the Fall AGU meeting in San Francisco with an invited paper on deep slab structure and a further presentation on surface wave velocities and anisotropy under Australia.

Dr A.E. Kiss attended the 14th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference held at the University of Adelaide in December. He presented a paper entitled "Potential vorticity ‘crises’ and western boundary current separation".

Professor K Lambeck gave invited lectures at the Academia Europaea Conference in Rotterdam, at the Conference on ‘Climate Change 2001’ at Utrecht University, at the University of Stockholm, the Lemaître lecture in Belgium, the Inceptions Workshop in Idre, Sweden, and the Conference on Recent Crustal Motion in Helsinki. He also attended the Inter-Academy Panel Executive Committee meeting in Paris and the Global Change Open Science Conference in Amsterdam

Dr F.E.M. Lilley attended the four-day meeting "Exploring the Earth" held at ANU from
20–23 February 2001, and chaired the third day, which comprised papers present in honour of Professor Anton L. Hales on the occasion of his 90th birthday. Dr Lilley attended the joint meeting of the two IUGG associations, IAGA and IASPEI, held in Hanoi, Vietnam in August. He presented four papers at the meeting, co-authored with collaborators at RSES and more widely in Australia.

Professor M.T. McCulloch attended the AUSCORE Meeting at the University of Queensland, 16–20 February 2001. He also attended the Australian Coral Reef Society annual meeting Magnetic Island, Townsville, the 2nd National Conference on Aquatic Environments, 20–23 November 2001, Townsville and the GEOTROP 2001 4th International Conference on Environmental Chemistry and Geochemistry in the Tropics, also in Townsville. Professor McCulloch was invited speaker at the Earth System Processes Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Dr J. Marshall attended the AUSCORE meeting on North Stradbroke Island from 17–19 February 2001, and presented a paper entitled "An assessment of the Sr/Ca ratio in shallow water hermatypic corals as a proxy for sea surface temperature." He also attended the Australian Coral Reef Society Conference on Magnetic Island from 6–8 July and delivered an address on "Sr/Ca derived sea surface temperatures from Myrmidon Reef and temperature impacts on coral bleaching." From 4–7 November he attended the First ARTS Open Sciences Meeting in Noumea and gave a paper on "Decadal-scale, high resolution records of sea surface temperature in the eastern Indian Ocean from proxy records of the Sr/Ca ratio of massive Porites corals".

Dr C.E. Martin presented invited seminars at the Georgia Institute of Technology in March and at the University of Otago in April. In June, Dr Martin did field work in the Orange area with PhD student Alma Joglekar (University of Sydney, Orange). She was first author on a talk entitled "Particulate and dissolved Os supply to the ocean from Papua New Guinea" that was given at a TROPICS special session at the Australian Marine Sciences Association-New Zealand Marine Sciences Society joint meeting held in Townsville in July. Dr Martin attended the Seventh Australasian Conference on Isotopes in the Environment that was held in Robertson, NSW in September. At that conference she presented a talk on "Investigating the contribution of dust to Australian soils".

Dr J. Mavrogenes attended the Goldschmidt conference in Virginia, USA, from 20–24 May.

Dr W. Müller gave a presentation entitled "Excimer-Laser-ablation ICP-MS analyses of teeth: Implications for U-series dating and isotopic tracing" at ICP-MS Conference Series, Vienna, 10–15 September 2001. He also gave an invited talk "Isotopic composition of the Iceman’s tooth enamel – clues to his origin?" at The Iceman – Congress to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the discovery of the Iceman, Bolzano, Italy, 20–22 September 2001.

Ms J. Mullarney attended the 14th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference held at the University of Adelaide in December. She presented a paper on "Convective circulation driven by a non-uniform bottom heat flux and a localised salinity flux".

Dr H. O’Neill attended the Goldschmidt conference in Virginia, USA, from 20–24 May where he gave the keynote talk in the session on "Mafic Magma-ore deposit links".

Dr J.M. Palin attended "2001: A Hydrothermal Odyssey, New Developments in Metalliferous Hydrothermal Systems Research" in Townsville in May. He presented two talks: "Zircon U-Th-Pb geochronology of the Chuquicamata, Fortuna, and El Abra igneous complexes in northern Chile, by excimer laser ablation ICP-MS" and "Wall rock carbonation and large gold deposits: Coincidence or cause?". In October, Dr Palin attended the Annual Meeting of the Geological Society of America in Boston where he chaired a theme session on the geochemistry of siliciclastic sediments and gave two talks: "More than dates – Provenance determination of detrital zircon by excimer laser ablation ICP-MS" and "The Grenville superorogeny revealed by detrital zircons in Appalachian rivers". He also visited the University of Michigan and Yale University and gave departmental seminars at both institutions.

Ms E.K. Potter attended the AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco.

Dr A. Reading attended a workshop on Antarctic Neotectonics from 11–15 July 2001 in Siena, Italy. She convened one of the five main programs and contributed an oral presentation and a review paper to the workshop volume. Afterwards she visited Dr K. Gohl, Bremerhaven, Germany, and Dr K. Priestley, Cambridge, United Kingdom, to discuss proposed and current seismic deployments.

In September 2001, Dr D. Rubatto was invited as key note speaker at the VI International Eclogite Conference in Niihama, Japan, where she presented two papers on dating of eclogitic rocks via U-Pb and the formation of metamorphic zircon during subduction-zone fluid circulation. Dr D. Rubatto also gave a lecture at the Geology Department at Monash University on SHRIMP U-Pb dating of metamorphism.

In August Dr M. Sambridge attended the 1st joint IASPEI/IAGA Meeting in Vietnam, where he presented three papers. Afterwards he visited the Colorado School of Mines (CSM) and gave a seminar on aspect of nonlinear inversion. While at CSM he began a new collaboration with Professor R. Snieder on multiple scattered seismic waves. In October he also visited The Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, in Washington DC and gave a seminar on the ensemble inference techniques.

Dr N. Spooner gave an oral presentation on "Optical dating at the Lake Mungo lunette, Willandra Lakes" to theAustralasian Archaeometry Conference, 5-9th Feb., at the University of Auckland, New Zealand. He gave a talk on optical dating and applications at a joint Physics/Geology meeting at the Department of Physics and Maths Physics, University of Adelaide, 24th April. Dr N. Spooner gave a seminar on dating and megafaunal extinction at Lake Mungo, in the Centre for Archaeological Research seminar series, ANU, 31st August and was an invited speaker on "Geochronological techniques applicable to the megafaunal extinction problem" at the Megafaunal Extinction Workshop, Australian National Museum, 28th September. He was also invited speaker at a workshop on the chronology and stratigraphy of the Joulni archaeological site, Lake Mungo, Willandra Lakes, NSW, ANU, 20th November.

Dr P. Tregoning attended the European Geophysical Society conference in Nice, France (25-29 March) and presented two papers.

Professor J.S. Turner attended the 14th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference held at the University of Adelaide in December, where he presented a paper on "Double-diffusive plumes in a homogeneous environment".

Mr N.G. Ware attended the 6th Biennial Symposium on the Australian Microprobe Analytical Society held in Sydney in February and presented a paper on "Poisson Statistics and the Electron Probe".

Dr I.S. Williams attended the Allan White Symposium on S-type Granites and Related Rocks, La Trobe University, January 11-12, and presented a paper on the interpretation of inherited zircon. May 21-25 he attended Goldschmidt 2001, Hot Springs, Virginia, and presented an invited paper on SHRIMP micro-geochronology at the Krogh Symposium. September 17-21 he presented four invited lectures on ion microprobe analysis at the NorFa SIMS Course, Stockholm. These were followed by a week working in the NORDSIM laboratory at the Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet on reconfiguration of the Cameca IMS1270 for oxygen isotope analyses. December 10-14 he attended the fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union, San Francisco. July 2-8 Dr Williams, with geoscientists from the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences and the Hubei Institute of Regional Geology and Mineral Resources, sampled ultrahigh-pressure rocks from the western Dabie Mountains, central China, in preparation for a collaborative study of the metamorphic history of the region. Dr I.S. Williams was also a member of the organizing committee of a three-day conference, ‘Exploring the Earth: a Celebration of Four Journeys’ held at the RSES in February to mark milestones in the lives of four eminent members of RSES staff, Professor W. Compston, Professor D.H. Green, Professor A. Hales and Professor I. McDougall.

Dr G. Yaxley attended the Australian Diamond Conference held in Perth during December.

 

COOPERATION WITH GOVERNMENT AND INDUSTRY

AUSTRALIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCE

Professor B.L.N. Kennett is a Chairman of the Subcommittee on Seismology and Physics of the Earth’s Interior. He is Chair of the Academy Committees for Postdoctoral Opportunities in Japan and exchange arrangements with N.E. Asia (China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan).

Professor B.L.N. Kennett is Chair of the Committee for the Frederick White Conferences.

Professor K Lambeck is currently Foreign Secretary of the Australian Academy of Science and a member of its Council.

Dr F.E.M. Lilley is a member of the Geomagnetism and Aeronomy Subcommittee.

 

AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL SEISMIC IMAGING RESOURCE (ANSIR)

Professor B.L.N. Kennett is Deputy Director of the Australian National Seismic Imaging Resource (ANSIR), a Major National Research Facility operated as a joint venture by AGSO–Geoscience Australia and the Australian National University.

The portable instrument facility of ANSIR is housed at the Research School of Earth Sciences and equipment is available via a competitive proposal scheme. In 2001 instrumentation has been provided to:

  • University of Western Australia for studies of the use of mine blasts for seismic refraction.
  • Broad-band equipment to RSES for the Western Australian Craton experiment.
  • 50 ANSIR + 35 RSES solid-state recorders to AGSO–Geoscience Australia as part of the major Leonora-Laverton reflection refraction experiment in WA. A.J. Percival and A. Arcidiaco provided support to this experiment, which also used 40 of the ANU designed solid-state recorders from the Joint University Seismic Facility housed now at the University of Adelaide.

 

AUSTRALIAN NAVY

Dr F.E.M. Lilley contributed some notes entitled "Searching for a sunken ship by magnetometry" to a seminar held by the Royal Australian Navy on the sinking of the cruiser HMAS Sydney (2). The seminar was held in Fremantle on 16 November 2001, the 60th anniversary of the sinking of the HMAS Sydney in an engagement with the German auxiliary cruiser HSK Kormoran.

 

AUSTRALIAN NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION (ANSTO)

Dr A.J. Berry continued his collaboration with Dr M. James on neutron diffraction studies of humite minerals.

 

AUSTRALIAN RESEARCH COUNCIL

Dr F.E.M. Lilley worked as a "Reader" for a number of ARC grant applications during the month of May.\

 

AUSTRALIAN SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS PTY LTD

Professor Griffiths continued collaboration with ASI on marketing and manufacture of the Geophysical Flows Rotating Table. Three units are now in operation in North America and one further order was received this year (from the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York). Purchases are currently being discussed with three other customers.

Dr I.S. Williams continued his longstanding collaboration with Australian Scientific Instruments Pty Ltd (a subsidiary of ANUTECH Pty Ltd) in the manufacture and marketing of SHRIMP ion microprobes. January through March he worked with ASI on the final tuning of the SHRIMP II purchased by the Chinese Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing. This included 4 weeks in February-March training four scientists from the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences in SHRIMP analytical procedures at RSES, and was followed by a 3-week visit to Beijing in June-July to assist in the commissioning of the instrument, to perform the acceptance tests, and to provide further training for Chinese scientists on-site. In December Dr Williams spent a week in San Francisco assisting ASI with SHRIMP marketing at the fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union.

 

COMMONWEALTH SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH ORGANISATION (CSIRO)

Dr H. O’Neill and Mr W.O. Hibberson continued to collaborate with Dr I.E. Grey of the Division of Minerals on a study of novel crystalline phases synthesised at very high pressures in the system CaO-Al2O3-SiO2. Dr O'Neill also continued his collaboration with Dr M.I. Pownceby of the Division of Minerals on the experimental calibration of solid-state redox sensors, and on Fe2+/Mg partitioning between co-existing minerals.

Mr N.G. Ware continued to collaborate with Mr B.W. Robinson, Division of Exploration and Mining on the AutoGeoSEM project.

 

GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AUSTRALIA

Dr F.E.M. Lilley, as a committee member of the ACT Branch of the Geological Society of Australia, hosted six meetings of the society at the Research School of Earth Sciences during 2001.

 

GEOSCIENCE AUSTRALIA (formerly Australian Geological Survey Organization)

The Ion Microprobe subgroup continues to maintain a close working relationship with GA geochronologists, sharing expertise, standards, time, costs and maintenance responsibilities re the SHRIMP I and II ion microprobes.

The paper describing the work by Dr A. Hitchman and Dr F.E.M. Lilley in collaboration with Dr P. Milligan of Geoscience Australia on the use of aeromagnetic crossover misfits as data of opportunity for studying electromagnetic induction in the Earth was published in 2001.

Professor M.T. McCulloch continued cooperative research with Dr Patrice de Caritat, Geoscience Australia, on Sr isotopes in Australian groundwaters.

 

OTHER GOVERNMENT AND INDUSTRY

Dr R. Armstrong has participated in a number of collaborative projects with a number of scientists from the Geological Surveys of Britain, Brazil, Botswana, South Korea, South Africa and Namibia. A number of geochronological projects for Australian and international exploration companies and consultants were completed during the year.

Mr J. Ballard and Drs I.H. Campbell and J.M. Palin concluded their work with CODELCO on geochemical and geochronologic studies of igneous rocks in and around the super giant Chuquicamata porphyry copper deposit in northern Chile.

Drs I.H. Campbell, J.M. Palin and C.M. Allen collaborated with Rio Tinto Exploration, Indonesia on zircon U-Pb geochronology of high grade metamorphic rocks in Sulawesi.

Mr C.M. Fanning continued collaborations with the Geological Surveys of South Australia, Victoria, and Queensland. He collaborated with Mr G. Teale, Teale and Associates and a number of mineral and petroleum exploration companies.

Mr C.J. Heath and Drs I.H. Campbell and J.M. Palin continued their investigation on the origin and composition of ore-forming fluids in the super giant Golden Mile gold deposit in collaboration with Kalgoorlie Consolidated Gold Mines and support from the ARC Linkages scheme.

Professor B.L.N. Kennett has continued to provide support to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) Organisation in Vienna. With J. Grant in Tennant Creek he has continued to be involved with the upgrade of Warramunga Array to meet the requirements of the treaty for both seismic and infrasonic recording. Certification of the seismic array was made at the end of December 2000 and the infrasound array was also certified to treaty standard in September 2001. Data is transmitted continuously to the International Data Centre in Vienna via satellite link.

Professor K. Lambeck is Chair of the Antarctic Science Advisory Committee, a member of the AUSLIG Geodesy Reference Group and a member of an AUSAID Technical Advisory Group. He was also a member of the Pangea Resources International Science Review Board.

Dr M. Norman is involved in joint studies with Dr R. Skirrow, Geoscience Australia and with Anglo American, AngloGold, Normandy, Delta Gold, and BHP-Billiton.

Dr N. Spooner collaborates with Dr P. Hughes, HEH Pty Ltd, acting for Coal & Allied Ltd, utilising optical dating to study the formation of source bordering dunes in the Hunter Valley region, NSW.

Ms Amanda Stoltze and Drs I.H. Campbell and J.M. Palin are studying fluid pathways around mesothermal gold deposits in the Laverton region of Western Australia in collaboration with Placer Granny Smith Pty Ltd and support from the ARC Linkages scheme.

 

COLLABORATION WITH AUSTRALIAN UNIVERSITIES

Dr R. Armstrong completed an U-Pb geochronological study of selected rocks from Macquarie Island with Dr B. Goscombe of the University of Adelaide, as well as a collaborative project on provenance of sediments from central Australia with Dr A. Camacho and Professor B. Hensen of the University of New South Wales.

Dr A.J. Berry continued to work with Dr E.R. Krausz, Research School of Chemistry, Australian National University, on the study of fluid inclusions by optical absorption spectroscopy.

Drs I.H. Campbell, J.M. Palin, and C.M. Allen collaborated with Mr Anthony Harris of the University of Queensland on the U-Pb geochronology and geochemistry of zircons in volcanics associated with the giant Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit of Argentina.

Professor S.F. Cox continued the supervision of University of Newcastle PhD student, Mr K. Ruming. He is also collaborating with Dr M. Knackstedt (ANU, RSPhysSE) in the development and application of percolation theory approaches to modelling fluid flow in hydrothermal systems. He is also collaborating with Dr M. Knackstedt in the development of a x-ray tomography facilities to characterise fracture and pore geometries in deformed rocks.

Dr S. Eggins is an Associate Investigator with Associate Professor Bill Collins (Chief Investigator), University of Newcastle, on ARC funded Large Grant (2000–2002) titled Magmatic expressions of orogens formed at retreating subduction boundaries: the cause of widespread silicic magmatism in some fold belts.’ collaborating university?

Mr C.M. Fanning collaborated with Associate Professor C. Fergusson, University of Wollongong on the Anakie Inlier of Queensland, Dr A Crawford and a number of PhD students, University of Tasmania on the timing of Ordovician igneous activity in New South Wales and Professor J. Roberts, University of NSW on the timing of Carboniferous-Permian volcanic rocks in the Tamworth belt NSW.

Professor R.W. Griffiths continued a collaborative project with Dr J. Bye of the University of Melbourne on the dynamics of air-sea interaction, with funding from the University of Melbourne Small Grant Scheme.

Professors Grün and McCulloch and Dr Spooner collaborate with Dr Murray-Wallace on the Large ARC Grant "Late Quaternary sea levels: the south Australian Gulfs region in a global context" and Dr Magee, Department of Geology, The Faculties, ANU on "The environmental context of megafaunal extinction in Australia". Professor Grün collaborates with Professor A. Gleadow, Department of Geology, University of Melbourne, to study the thermal stability of paramagnetic centres from cores of the Otway basin, Dr P. White, Department of Anthropology, Dr J. Field, Department of Archaeology, University of Sydney to date the site of Cuddie Springs, and Dr R. Wells, Flinders University, to date a series of South Australian sites with faunal remains including Naracoorte Cave. Professor Grün and Dr Spooner collaborate with Professor R. Twidale, University of Adelaide, on the onset of dune formation in the Stretzlecki Desert.

Dr T.R. Ireland has been collaborating with Dr G. Clarke, Dr J. Hollis and Dr N. Daczko of the University of Sydney on geochronology and petrogenesis of metamorphic rocks from Fiordland, New Zealand.

Dr F.E.M. Lilley is collaborating with Dr A. White of Flinders University and Dr G. Heinson of the University of Adelaide on a number of marine electromagnetic studies, the most recent of which is OCELOT2000.

Professor M.T. McCulloch continued collaborative work with James Cook University. This work included research on the last interglacial sea levels and carbonate formation along the Western Australian coastline with Dr P. Hearty; fish otoliths as environmental proxies in the Great Barrier Reef with Professor M. Kingsford and fish otoliths as indicators of the role of estuarine environments in the life cycle of tropical fish with Mr James Amend, PhD student.

Dr C.E. Martin collaborates with Dr Dhia Al Bakri of the University of Sydney. She is a co-supervisor of PhD student Alma Joglekar at the University of Sydney, Orange Campus. They are investigating the sources of nutrient-rich sediments to the reservoirs in the Orange water supply catchment.

Dr W. Müller collaborated with Dr Roland Maas, La Trobe University, Melbourne, on improved Sr thermal ionisation strategies.

Dr M. Norman is collaborating with Professpr R. Large and Drs G. Davidson, P. McGoldrick and A. Rae (CODES, University of Tasmania) in a study of Laser ablation ICP-MS of trace elements in sulphides and with Drs P. Robinson and Z. Yu (CODES, University of Tasmania), working on method development for laser ablation ICP-MS analysis of trace elements in silicate rocks and ores. He is also involved with Drs V. Kamenetsky and L. Danyushevsky and Mr D. Bombardieri in studies of sulphide saturation in lunar basalts from olivine-hosted melt inclusions. Dr Norman is cooperating with Dr R. Maas and Mr C. Ihlenfeld (La Trobe University) in work relating to the climatic significance of seasonal trace element and stable isotope variations in modern freshwater tufa.

Dr D. Rubatto started collaboration with Dr M. Hand from Adelaide University on the duration of metamorphism in the Mt Isa Block. Extensive dating of monazite and rutile suggested that the area was subject to metamorphism for a period of ca. 100 Ma. Further investigation will be aimed to understand if metamorphism occurred as a series of events or as a single prolongated event.

Dr N. Spooner collaborated with Dr E. Bestland, Flinders University, applying single-quartz grain optical dating in an investigation of the evolution of the economically-significant terra rossa soils of the Coonawarra wine-region, South Australia. He also collaborated with Professor J. Chappell and Dr A. Heimsath using single-grain quartz OSL to investigate soil formation and erosion processes, and in the development of novel luminescence means to identify saprolite-derived grains. Dr N. Spooner collaborates with Associate Professor R. Wells, South Australian Museum, R. Gresham and Professor R. Grün on megafaunal extinction at selected SA sites, at Burra, Naracoorte Caves, Flinders Ranges, Hallett Cove, Eyre Peninsula and Kangaroo Island. He continues to collaborate with Dr J.W. Magee, Department of Geology, The Faculties, Professors R. Grün and M. McCulloch and Professor G. Miller, University of Colorado, on the timing and spatial distribution of megafaunal extinction at various sites in the Lake Eyre basin and Menindee Lakes regions. The Cuddie Springs archaeological and palaeontological site is the subject of a collaborative dating study on sediment and megafaunal remains involving Dr N. Spooner and Professors R. Grün and M. McCulloch. Dr N. Spooner continued collaboration with Dr J.W. Magee, Department Geology, Faculties, on the palaeohydrology of the Lake Eyre basin and sites on northern Eyre Peninsula and Lake Gregory, WA. He also commenced collaboration with Professor R. Twidale, University of Adelaide, on the timing of dune formation in the Waikerie region, SA. Dr N. Spooner collaborated on the chronology, stratigraphy and archaeology of beach ridges at Lake George, with Dr P. Hughes, HEH Pty Ltd, Professor J. Chappell, Dr W. Shawcross and Dr P Cook, CSIRO. He continued collaboration with Professor J. Bowler, University of Melbourne, and colleagues on the chronology and stratigraphy of the Lake Mungo lunette, NSW.

Dr I.S. Williams continued his collaboration with Professor B.W. Chappell, Macquarie University, and Professor A.J.R. White, formerly Victorian Institute of Earth and Planetary Sciences, in the study of the evolution of the Lachlan Fold Belt as recorded in zircon preserved in igneous and sedimentary rocks; and with Dr I. Buick, La Trobe University, and Dr M. Hand, Adelaide University, in the study of metamorphism in central Australia and South Africa. Dr Williams also began a collaborative project with Professor J. Hergt, Dr J. Woodhead and Mr R. Kemp, Melbourne University, using Hf isotopes in zircon to study magma genesis in south-eastern Australia.

Dr G. Yaxley is collaborating with Dr V. Kamenetsky (University of Tasmania) in a melt inclusion study of the petrogenesis of flood basalts.

 

INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION

During 2001, Dr R. Armstrong participated in a number of international research projects on a collaborative basis with scientists from Africa, Asia, Europe and South America. These include Professor U. Reimold, Dr R. Gibson, Dr M. Poujol (University of the Witwatersrand, RSA); Professor S. McCourt (University of Durban-Westville, RSA), Professor A. Wilson (University of Natal, RSA); Professor M. de Wit, W. Board, Professor D. Reid, R. Baillie (University of Cape Town, RSA); Professor S. de Waal and Dr I Graham (University of Pretoria, RSA); Professor A.B. Kampunzu and Dr R. Mapeo (University of Botswana), B.K. Paya (Geological Survey of Botswana); K. Hoffmann (Geological Survey of Namibia); D. Jamal (Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique); H. van Niekerk and H. Dorland (Rand Afrikaans University, RSA), Profs. R. Scheepers and A. Rozendaal (Stellenbosch University, RSA), Professor C. Koeberl (University of Vienna), Dr J. Konzett (University of Innsbruck, Austria), Dr R. Key (British Geological Survey, UK); Dr Deung-Lyong Cho (Korea institute of Geology, Mining and Materials), Dr M. Pimentel, D. Fischel, M.H. de Hollanda (University of Brasilia, Brazil). Dr L. da Silva (Geological Survey of Brazil), Dr B. Thomas, Dr B. Eglington, Dr R.H. Harmer, Dr G. Grantham (Council for Geoscience, RSA), Dr B. Seth (University of Bern, Switzerland), Dr M. Worthing (Sultan Qaboos University, Oman), Dr J. Leven (Mauritius Oceanographic Institute), K. Macowiak (Geological Institute, Poland), Dr T. Seifert (Freiberg Institute of Mining and Technology, Germany) and M. Werner (University of Würzburg, Germany).

Dr V. Bennett continued collaborations with Professor M. Garcia (University of Hawaii) on geochemical studies of Hawaii plume lavas, with Dr G. Ryder (Lunar and Planetary Science Institute, Houston) on the siderophile element characteristics of lunar samples, with Dr C. Friend (Oxford-Brookes University) on the geochemistry of early Archean terranes of Greenland and initiated a project with Professor D. DePaolo (University of California, Berkeley) on tracing the Sr isotopic evolution of the Archean and Proterozoic mantle.

Dr A.J. Berry continued his collaboration with Drs S. Wimperis and S.E. Ashbrook, University of Exeter, UK, on 17O nuclear magnetic resonance studies of silicate minerals.

Dr Campbell is collaborating with Professor Nakamura of the Institute for Study of the Earth’s Interior, Okayama University to analyse oxygen isotopes in zircons of different ages.

Drs Campbell and Palin collaborated with Dr Clift of the Woods Hole Institute of Oceanography to date detrital zircons from the Indus River. Drs Campbell and Palin also collaborated with Dr Orestes of the Geological Survey of Brazil to date detrital zircons from the Amazon, Negro and Madeira rivers.

Drs Campbell, Palin and Allen collaborated with Professor Eriksson of the Virginia Institute of Technology to date detrital zircons from USA rivers and Palaeozoic sandstones from the eastern USA.

Professor S.F. Cox is collaborating with Drs Boullier, Universite Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, N. Mancktelow ETH, Zurich and G. Pennachioni Univerity of Padova in research on evolution of fluid flow patterns in the Mont Blanc and Aar Massifs in the European Alps. The collaboration forms part of an ARC Large Grant project, held in the Geology Department, The Faculties.

Professor S.F. Cox and Dr E. Tenthorey are collaborating with Dr C. Hilgers RWTH-Aachen in an experimental invistigation of crack sealing at elevated temperatures.

Mr C.M. Fanning collaborated with Professor F. Hervé of University of Chile, Santiago, Chile, Dr R.J. Pankhurst and Dr I. Millar of the British Antarctic Survey, UK, Dr C.W. Rapela, Universidad de la Plata, Argentina, Dr A. Cocherie, BRGM, Orleans, France, Dr R. Mundil of the Berkeley Geochronology Center, San Francisco, USA, Dr J.A Aleinikoff and Mr W.V. Premo of the US Geological Survey, Denver USA, Dr C. Smith-Siddoway, Colorado College, Colorado Springs, USA, Dr K. Shiraishi, Dr K. Misawa and Dr T Hokada of the National Institute for Polar Research, Tokyo, Japan, Dr J. Goodge, Southern Methodist University, USA, Dr J.J. Peucat of Geosciences, Rennes, France, Professor P. K. Link of Idaho State University, Dr J. Jacobs of University of Bremen, Germany, Professor D. Gebauer and Dr A. Liati, ETH Zürich, Switzerland and Dr A. Morton, British Geological Survey and HM Associates, UK.

Professor R.W. Griffiths and Dr R.C. Kerr continued a collaboration with Professor K.V. Cashman, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, United States of America, in laboratory modeling of the surface solidification of long basaltic lava flows. Professor Griffiths is collaborating with Dr A.A. Bidokhti, University of Tehran, Iran, in modelling of the role of internal gravity waves in ocean outflows from gulfs and marginal seas.

Professor R. Grün collaborates with many international scholars on the timing of modern human evolution. Professor Grün has collected hominid samples from the anthropological sites Cave of Hearths, Hutjiespunt and Swartkrans, South Africa (Professor V.A. Tobias, Dr L. Berger, Department of Anatomy, Medical School, University of the Witwatersrand, Professor J. Parkington, Department of Archaeology, Cape Town University, Dr F. Thakeray, Transvaal Museum, Pretoria), Skhul, Israel (Dr J. Pilbeam, Peabody Museum, Harvard University and Professor O. Bar-Yosef, Department of Anthropology, Harvard University), Tabun (Professor C.B. Stringer, Natural History Museum, London) and Atapuerca, Spain (Dr J.L. Arsuaga, Department of Palaeontology, Universidad Compultense, Madrid and Dr J. Bermudes de Castro, Museo de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid). He collaborates with Dr J. Brink, Bloemfontein, on the dating of a range of sites in South Africa, including the newly discovered human site of Cornelia. Collaboration continues with Dr A. Pike, Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art on uranium uptake of bones and Professor Trinidad de Torres, Escuela Tecnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid, on the calibration of amino acid racemisation in bones and cave bear evolution. Professor Grün collaborates with Professor Helmut Wopfner and Dr Alexandra Hilgers, Universität zu Köln, on the onset of dune formation in the Stretzlecki Desert.

Dr J. Hermann is collaborating with Dr O. Müntener, University of Neuchatel, Switzerland on the exhumation of lower crust and upper mantle during rifting; with Professor R. Compagnoni, University of Torino, Italy, on features of UHP-metamorphism in the Dora-Maira Massif; with Professor V. Shatsky and A. Korsakov, Geophysics and Mineralogy, Novosibirsk, Russia, on age and exhumation rate of diamondiferous rocks from the Kokchetav Massif, Khazakhstan; with Dr M. Scambelluri, University of Genova, Italy, on constraints on subduction zone fluids derived from the high pressure break down of serpentinites and Dr B. Cesare, University of Padova, Italy, on magmatic and metamorphic evolution of mafic cumulates of the Tauern window, Alps.

In September 2001 Miss E. Hendy took part in a Canadian cruise, on the CCGS Martha L. Black, co-funded by McMaster University (Ontario), UQAM (Quebec) and Dalhousie (Nova Scotia). The scientific purpose was to collect deep-sea corals from the North Atlantic, along the Nova Scotia coast, using an unmanned submersible. The research leaders were Professor M. Risk (McMaster), Professor D. Scott (Dalhousie) and Professor C. Hillaire-Marcel (UQAM). While in Canada she visited the three institutes involved and the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, to discuss possible Post-Doctoral research.

Dr M. Honda is collaborating with Dr J. Harris of University of Glasgow on noble gas studies of diamonds.

Dr G.O. Hughes began a collaboration with Dr M.G. Worster, Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, in modelling very stable diffusive interfaces.

Dr Ireland has longstanding collaborations in cosmochemistry with Professor E. Zinner, Physics Department, Washington University in St Louis, USA., Professor K. McKeegan, Department of Earth and Space Science, University of California, Los Angeles, USA and Professor B. Fegley, Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Washington University in St Louis, USA.

Dr Ireland is collaborating with Dr S. Weaver, Canterbury University, and Dr M. Rattenbury, IGNS, New Zealand, on geochronological studies of rocks from New Zealand and Western Antarctica.

Dr I. Jackson was involved this year in the planning of new collaborations with Drs Liebermann, Li and Kung at SUNY Stony Brook on ultrasonic measurements of the temperature dependence of elastic wave speeds with Dr Itatani at Sophia University in Tokyo in the fabrication and mechanical testing of polycrystalline magnesium oxide.

Professor K Lambeck has been the Tage Erlander Guest Professor of the Swedish Research Council from May until October carrying out research into the glacial history, sea-level change and crustal rebound in Sweden. Collaborative projects have been established with the Universities of Lund and Stockholm, the Geological Survey of Denmark and the Norwegian Geological Survey, Norsk-Hydro in Oslo and the Finnish Nuclear Waste Management Industry, Posiva.

Professor B.L.N. Kennett is President of the International Association for Seismology and the Physics of the Earth’s Interior (IASPEI) and in that position is a member of the Executive Committee of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG).

Professor Kennett is collaborating with Dr E. Debayle, Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France on surface wave tomography, and with Dr T. Furumura at the Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo on a variety of issues in seismic wave propagation.

Dr R.C. Kerr continued a collaboration with Dr C.M. Lesher, Mineral Exploration Research Centre, Laurentian University, Canada, and Dr D.A. Williams, Department of Geology, Arizona State University, United States of America, in developing and applying numerical models of the submarine flow of komatiite lavas. He also collaborated with Dr L. Bloomfield, Institute for Theoretical Geophysics, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, on inclined turbulent fountains.

Dr F.E.M. Lilley is collaborating with Professor J.T. Weaver and Dr A.K. Agarwal of the University of Victoria, Canada, on methods for the analysis of magnetotelluric data. Dr Lilley is also collaborating with Associate. Professor I.J. Ferguson, of the University of Manitoba, Canada, on the interpretation of magnetotelluric data from western Queensland.

Professor M.T. McCulloch collaborated with Professor Halliday and Dr Stirling, ETH Zürich, on sea levels changes and Dr Gray, University of San Diego, California.

Professor I. McDougall actively collaborated with Professor F.H. Brown of the University of Utah, and Dr M.G. Leakey of the National Museums of Kenya on numerical time scale studies of stratigraphic sequences in the Turkana Basin, northern Kenya, in relation to the time framework of hominid evolution.

Dr H. McQueen and Professor K. Lambeck collaborated with Professor T. Sato of the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan in operating and analysing a Superconducting Gravimeter at Mt Stromlo to monitor dynamic processes in the Earth. Dr McQueen also collaborated with Dr Martine Amalvict of the Université Louis Pasteur in Strasbourg on analysis of high precision absolute and relative gravity observations. Dr McQueen also collaborated with staff of AUSLIG on absolute gravity measurements and instrument calibrations at the Mt Stromlo Gravity Station in support of the Superconducting Gravimeter installation.

Dr C.E. Martin continued to collaborate with Drs Bernhard Peucker-Ehrenbrink and Greg Ravizza, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, on studies of Os isotopes and platinum group element and Re distributions in oceanic sediments and estuarine waters. Dr Martin collaborates with Dr Cathy Wilson, Los Alamos National Laboratory, on tracing the movement of sediments and phosphorus in catchments.

Dr W. Müller collaborated with H. Fricke, Colorado College, USA on Iceman stable isotopes and A. Halliday, ETH Zurich, CH, P. Tropper, University of Innsbruck, and E. Egarter-Vigl, Bolzano, Italy, on various aspects of Iceman work. He also collaborated with G. Rabeder, University of Vienna, Austria, on U-series dating of cave bear teeth and P. Eichhubl, Stanford University, USA, on U-series dating of cyclic seismogenic fault cements to establish earthquake recurrence intervals.

Dr M. Norman is currently collaborating with Professor M. Garcia (University of Hawaii) and Professor M. Rhodes (University of Massachusetts) in a study of the origin of Hawaiian plume basalts. He is also working with Dr L. Nyquist (NASA Johnson Space Center), Dr L. Borg (University of New Mexico) and Professor I. McCallum (University of Washington) on the age and origin of the lunar crust. A project titled "Targeting the Impactors: Siderophile element compositions of impact melts from the Moon and asteroids" is being undertaken by Dr Norman in conjunction with Dr G. Ryder (Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston) and Drs D. Mittlefehldt and A. Brandon (NASA Johnson Space Center).

Drs J.M. Palin, I.H. Campbell, and C.M. Allen are collaborated with Dr S.E. Kesler and Mr D.P. Core of the University of Michigan on U-Pb geochronology and geochemistry of zircons in igneous rocks from the Park City mining district of Utah.

Emma-Kate Potter, Dr Tezer Esat and Professor Malcolm McCulloch collaborated with Professor Ulrich Radtke, of the University of Cologne, and Professor Gerhard Schellmann of the University of Bamberg in the mapping and dating of the uplifted coral terraces at Barbados.

In 2001, Dr D. Rubatto concluded her collaboration with Dr B. Cesare from the University of Padova, Italy, on the mafic rocks of the Tauern Window (Eastern Alps) with a final publication. Her work on the chemical and isotopic behaviour of metamorphic titanite in collaboration with Dr D. Castelli from Torino University, Italy, was also successfully completed with a publication.

Dr M. Sambridge and PhD student Mr T. Nicholson continued their collaboration with Dr O. Gudmundsson, of the Danish Lithospheric Centre, on a project concerning teleseismic earthquake location by pattern recognition. In October, Dr Sambridge was a member of the Committee of Visitors which reviewed the Instrumentation and Facilities Program of the National Science Foundation in Washington DC.

Dr N. Spooner collaborates with Professor G. Miller, University of Colorado, on chronological and stable isotope study of environmental change using sedimentary cores from the Wolfe Creek Meteor Crater and Lake Gregory region, northern WA. Collaborative work with Professor G. Miller and Professor M. Fogel on the extinction of the giant bird Genyornis newtoni continues on sediment and eggshell collected from the Menindee Lakes region, NSW and Lake Eyre basin, SA. Professor. A. Franklin, University of Maryland, collaborates with Dr N. Spooner on the kinetics of the stable high-temperature blue and red thermoluminescence of quartz. Dr N. Spooner also collaborates with Dr R. Tedford, American Museum of Natural History, and Associate Professor R. Wells, South Australian Museum on the timing of megafaunal extinction in the Lake Eyre basin, South Australia.

Dr P. Tregoning has continued his cooperation with Drs R. King, T. Herring and S. McClusky of the Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the development and testing of the GAMIT GPS software. He also continued to collaborate with Mr R. Curley (Department of Surveying and Land Studies, The Papua New Guinea University of Technology) and Mr S. Saunders (Rabaul Volcano Observatory) in the ongoing measuring of tectonic motion in Papua New Guinea. He has collaborated with Dr John Beavan (Geological and Nuclear Sciences, NZ) in investigating the motion and rigidity of the Pacific Plate.

Dr I.S. Williams continued his collaboration with Dr J. Goodge, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, and Professor P. Myrow, The Colorado College, Colorado Springs, on the provenance of late Proterozoic and early Palaeozoic Gondwanan sediments of Antarctica and India. He also resumed his work with Dr S. Claesson and Dr M. Whitehouse, Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Stockholm, on oxygen isotopes in zircon. Dr Williams remains first-contact at RSES in providing advice to scientists working in laboratories that have purchased SHRIMP ion probes. He hosted Dr K. Terada, Hiroshima University, for a 5-week visit to RSES to learn analytical procedures for stable isotope analysis, Dr K. Misawa, National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo, for a 5-day visit to discuss analytical procedures, and Dr Song Biao, Dr Wan Yusheng and Dr Jian Ping, Chinese Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing, for a one-month visit to be trained in ion probe sample preparation and analysis techniques. He also travelled to the Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Stockholm, to give a lecture course and to the Chinese Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing, to assist with commissioning of their new SHRIMP II. Dr Williams commenced a collaborative study of Chinese ultra-high pressure rocks with Dr J. Ping, Chinese Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing, and collaborated in SHRIMP analytical work with Dr T. Nakajima, Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba and Professor W.E. Stephens, University of St Andrews.

Dr G. Yaxley is collaborating with Professor Dr Gerhard Brey of the Institut für Mineralogie, Universität Frankfurt in a study of the phase relations of carbonate in eclogite under upper mantle conditions, and with Dr Hans-Michael Seitz (Institut für Mineralogie, Universität Frankfurt) in a study of the distribution of the trace element Li between upper mantle phases and its potential use as a tracer of different metasomatic styles.

 

EDITORIAL RESPONSIBILITIES

Dr C. Allen was a special editor for the Australian Journal of Earth Sciences for a volume to be titled "25 Years of I & S Type Granites". Dr C. Allen has also been appointed to a 3-year term on the editorial board of the Australian Journal of Earth Sciences.

Dr R. Armstrong has been appointed to the editorial board of the Journal of African Earth Sciences.

Professor S.F. Cox continued as a member of the editorial advisory boards of Journal of Structural Geology, and Geofluids.

Mr C.M. Fanning is an Associate Editor of the Bulletin of the Geological Society of America.

Professor R. Grün is Editor of Quaternary Geochronology (Quaternary Science Reviews), associate editor of the Journal of human Evolution, member of the Editorial Boards of Quaternary International and Radiation Measurements, and Member of reviewers’ panel of Ancient TL. He is also a standing member of the scientific committee and editor of the proceedings of the International Conferences on Luminescence and Electron Spin Resonance Dating. The next conference in this series will be held in Reno in July 2002.

Dr I Jackson continued on the Editorial Board of Physics and Chemistry of Minerals and joined the board of Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors. He also commenced a three-year appointment as Associate Editor for the Journal of geophysical Research.

Professor B.L.N. Kennett is an associate editor for Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors and Earth and Planetary Science Letters.

Professor K. Lambeck is an Editorial Advisory Board Member for Quaternary Science Reviews and for Earth and Planetary Science Letters.

Dr C.E. Martin is an Associate Editor of the American Journal of Science.

Allen Nutman is member of the Editorial Board, Precambrian Research.

Dr M. Sambridge continued to serve on the editorial board of Geophysical Journal International. He handles papers through the Pacific Region Office.

Dr H. O’Neill is on the editorial advisory board of Earth and Planetary Science Letters and Chemical Geology.

 

OUTREACH AND WORKSHOPS

In March Professor Cox gave invited presentations at workshops on aspects of structural controls on fluid flow in hydrothermal systems at the University of British Columbia (Canada) and at the Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada Annual Meeting in Toronto. In June, Professor S.F. Cox presented a lecture on applications of advanced structural geology techniques in minerals exploration to geoscientists at WMC Respources Ltd St Ives Gold Operations, at Kambalda, WA. He also provided informal advice in the field to WMC Resources geoscientists at the St Ives Gold Operations.

Professor S.F. Cox is a member of the committee of the ACT Board of Senior Secondary Studies which oversees Year 11/12 curricula in Earth Sciences.

In January Professor R. Grün and Dr M. Sambridge hosted the National Youth Science Forum at the Research School of Earth Sciences.

Dr W. Müller’s media involvement relating to his Iceman research includes: Science, vol. 293 (28. 9. 2001), p.2373: Ben Shouse – For Iceman, the Band Plays On; Neue Zürcher Zeitung (CH), 19. 9. 2001, p.51: Genevieve Lüscher: Mord im Hochgebirge; Die Weltwoche (CH), 27. 9. 2001, p.47: Urs Fitze: Aus Ötzis Zähnen kommt die Wahrheit; Dolomiten (I), 21. 9. 2001, p.11: Heißeste Spur führt ins Eisacktal; Sächsische Zeitung (D), 29./30. 9. 2001, p M2: Stephan Schön: Mord am Gletscher; Dagens Nyheter (S), 23. 9. 2001: Per Snaprud: Ismannen Ötzi var italienare; Spiegel ONLINE (D), 21. 9. 2001: Ötzi war ein Südtiroler; TV Interview, 20. 9. 2001, German-speaking Television N-Italy (ORF Südtirol); Shooting for Discovery Channel’s documentary 'Mystery of the Iceman', to be broadcast March 2002; and Radio Ö1 (A), 25. 9. 2001: Dimensionen.

Dr N. Spooner was interviewed and filmed in the Luminescence Laboratory by documentary film maker TANGRAM, Germany for a television documentary, "The Odyssey of Man". He was also interviewed for a feature article on chronology by the National Geographic magazine, carried in the September 2001 issue. Dr N. Spooner, Professor R. Grün and Dr J.W. Magee, Department Geology, ANU, were interviewed for a radio report on the extinction of the Australian megafauna by D. Röhrlich, Deutschlandfunk, Germany.

Dr I.S. Williams hosted a visit to the SHRIMP laboratory in January by 6 science teachers from Hawker College and in August by 16 science students from Canberra Girls Grammar School. In September he presented four invited lectures on ion microprobe analysis at the NorFa SIMS Course, Stockholm, and in October presented an invited lecture at Macquarie University, Sydney.

 

NEW GRANTS

Dr A.J. Berry received a grant from the Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering (AINSE) to undertake neutron diffraction experiments at ANSTO.

Drs A.J. Berry and J.A. Mavrogenes were supported by two grants from the Access to Major Research Facilities Fund to investigate the speciation of copper in fluid inclusions at the Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, USA.

Dr A.J. Berry in collaboration with Dr H.StC. O’Neill received two grants from the Australian Synchrotron Research Program to continue their work on oxidation states in silicate melts at the Australian National Beamline Facility, Tsukuba, Japan.

Dr J. Hermann was awarded a 3 year fellowship as "Advanced Scientist" funded by the "Swiss National Science Foundation" at the Research School of Earth Sciences starting on December 1st 2001.

Dr I. Jackson was awarded a 3-year ARC Discovery grant valued at $184,000 for a project entitled Seismic wavespeeds and attenuation in upper-mantle rocks: a laboratory study of the effects of partial melting.

An ARC major equipment grant was given to Professor K. Lambeck and Dr P. Tregoning for replacement GPS equipment for remote, all-year geophysical observatories in Antarctica.

Professor M.T. McCulloch obtained the grant "Sea Levels, Sea Surface Temperatures and El Nino variability during warm Interglacials (DP0209059)" jointly with Dr Hearty, John Curtin University, and Professor Halliday, ETH, Zurich. He also obtained a grant entitled "The coral record of Environmental Impacts in the Great Barrier Reef: Quantification of Anthropogenic Fluxes (DP0209021)" jointly with Dr Lough, Australian Institute of Marine Science.

Professor I. McDougall was awarded a grant from the Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering to facilitate irradiation of geological samples in the HIFAR nuclear reactor, operated by the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization, in relation to dating of rocks by the 40Ar-39Ar method.

In January Dr M. Sambridge was awarded a one-year grant under the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) Calibration program for a project on regionalized travel times. Dr K.A. Marson-Pidgeon worked on the project through the year as a research associate.

In October Dr M. Sambridge and Professor B.L.N. Kennett were awarded an ARC Discovery grant for a three-year project (2003-2005) entitled "Data adaptive geophysical inversion".

Dr N. Spooner is an Associate Investigator on an NERC (UK) grant on "The human colonisation of Australia: Breaking the 40 ka BP radiocarbon barrier", with Principal Investigator, Dr C. Turney, University of London.

 

OTHER MATTERS

Dr Jean Braun is a Member of the Earth System Evolution Program of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. Attended two CIAR workshops in Edinburgh (June 2001) and Vancouver (December 2001). Dr Jean Braun was an invited Professor at l’Universite Joseph Fourier de Grenoble (France) in December 2001 and January 2002.

Dr J.D. Fitz Gerald was a member of the Advisory Board for the ANU’s Centre for Science and Engineering of Materials.

Dr T.R. Ireland is a Senior Fellow in the Department of Geological Sciences, Canterbury University, New Zealand.

Professor I. McDougall became Treasurer and a member of Council of the Australian Academy of Science in May.

Drs M. Sambridge and J. Braun have continued to distribute a computer software program (NNquick) for scattered data interpolation. In 2001 researchers from numerous national and international institutions requested and received a copy of the program.

 

TEACHING ACTIVITIES

As part of his joint appointment at RSES and the Department of Geology (The Faculties), Professor S.F. Cox taught the one semester GEOL 3002 Structural Geology and Tectonics course, half of GEOL 2012 Introduction to Structural and Field Geology and part of the GEOL3001 Field Geology courses in the Geology Department. He also contributed a four week lecture/lab module to the GEOL1002 unit.

Professor R.W. Griffiths was lecturer for a third year unit on the Physics of Fluid Flows within the undergraduate physics curriculum.

Dr U. Faul taught at the Geology department, ANU, the third year course Geology 3017 "Fundamentals of Geophysics".

Dr J. Hermann gave 4 lectures in third year geology at ANU Geology on Alpine metamorphism and tectonics and related 6 hours of practicum on high pressure metamorphic rocks from the Alps.

Professor R. Grün gave a lecture series on topics of Quaternary geochronology to students of the Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, The Faculties.

Dr I. Jackson contributed a four-week module of lectures, tutorials and laboratory visits on condensed matter continuum mechanics to the undergraduate physics subject PHYS2016.

Dr C.E. Martin presented a guest lecture to honours students in the Environmental Geochemistry and Mineralogy class at the University of Otago, New Zealand, in May 2001 and participated in a class field trip to look at the environmental impact of the Macraes Flat gold mine.

Dr J. M. Palin presented a series of lectures on the theory and use of stable isotope geochemistry to students of the Ore Genesis Group.

Dr D. Rubatto taught, together with Dr J. Hermann, a three hours course on petrography of high-pressure metamorphic rocks from the Alps for third year students at the Geology Department, ANU.

Mr N.G. Ware taught the Microanalysis component of the 2001 workshop series in the Australian National University Electron Microscope Unit.

Dr Williams assisted several students with SHRIMP analyses, including Ms H. Degeling and Ms S. O’Callaghan, PhD and Honours students respectively from the ANU Geology Department, and Ms P. Lavery and Ms A. Storkey, PhD students from La Trobe University, Melbourne.

 

HONOURS SUPERVISION

Dr Campbell and Professor Arculus co-supervised Mr Kurt Worden of the Geology Department, ANU.

Professor Cox supervised the Honours project of Mr R. O’Leary ("Structural controls on fluid flow and gold mineralisation, Argo deposit, St Ives Goldfield, WA") in the Geology Department, The Faculties.

Dr J. Hermann supervised Ms S. Williams, the Australian National University Geology Department, on the Tien Shan eclogites from SW-China.

Dr M. Honda co-supervised Mr D. Gillen, an Honours student from the School of Geosciences, University of Wollongong, on a project entitled "Exposure dating in young lava flows using cosmogenic neon-21".

Dr J. Mavrogenes supervised the Honours project o Ms Aleks Kalinowski ("An experimental investigation into the causes and effects of sulfide partial melting at Broken Hill NSW, Australia") in the Geology Department, The Faculties.

 

RESEARCH SUPPORT

ELECTRONICS GROUP

Demand for Electronics support remained strong during the year, despite the unexpectedly low requirement for SHRIMP MultiCollector development. Maintenance activities accounted for 22.3% of human resources, administration and group support 14.5%, ASI support 0.96%, with the remaining 62.2% devoted to development activity.

 

Notable developments undertaken included:

  • Design of a precision, evacuated "Input Node Switch Box" to facilitate evaluation and development of low level ‘Electrometers’ for the NG61 instrument and the Finnigan company. (D. Corrigan).
  • Four user configurable Data Acquisition interface systems for geophysical Fluid Dynamics (A. Welsh and others).
  • Three integrated high performance Ion Pulse Counting System (IPCS) for use on SHRIMP instruments and the NG61 mass spectrometer (A. Latimore, J. Lanc and N. Schram).
  • Ongoing refinement, safety interlocking and Data Acquisition development for various high pressure apparati within the Petrophysics group. (A. Forster and J. Lanc).
  • Fabrication, testing and calibration of four ‘tesla tamer’ © magnetic field probes for sale to ASI, and progress towards completion of a further 4 probes. (J. Arnold).
  • Development and manufacture of a 4 channel Salimeter for GFD. (J. Arnold).
  • Considerable progress towards completion of three ‘FC3’ Field Controller Units, for application to SHRIMP II, SHRIMP RG, and the NG61 Mass Spectrometer. (J. Lanc ).
  • Design, manufacture and testing of five Sublimator Pump Controllers for the NG61 instrument (N. Schram).
  • Design, manufacture and testing of two Filament Supplies for the EG&G Filament Degasser project. (N. Schram).
  • The completion of a range of smaller development projects, including evaluation of Keithley 6430 electrometers (N. Schram), modifications and upgrading of AntPAC hardware (A. Welsh), Noble gas extraction line automation (N. Schram), and the fabrication of two Getter Pump supplies for GIG (J. Arnold) .

Staffing

The group comprises 7 permanent Technical Officers, including D. Corrigan who remained seconded to the group for the year, whilst engaged in electro-mechanical design for the NG61 Mass Spectrometer project. The group anticipates appointment of two Trainee Technical Officers during 2002, as part of the school’s succession planning strategy.

Outlook

2002 promises to be an interesting year, as we return our attention to the SHRIMP MultiCollector, and further development for the NG61 Mass Spectrometer project. The profound changes to costing and accounting envisaged from 2002 will present a challenge to the group. We anticipate an initial period of adjustment, followed by a long term, unpredictable effect on the scope and nature of operations.

 

RSES ENGINEERING WORKSHOP

We have had no large exciting projects this year but have never the less been very busy. The year started with a complete rebuild of Shrimp 1’s source chamber due to a massive oil dump in the works. Valther Baek-Hansen assisted John Foster in this rebuild resulting in a much-improved machine.

We have lost Chris Morgan to Geophysical Fluid Dynamics and he will not be replaced as we were one staff member over strength due to the appointment of Andrew Wilson when he completed his fitting and machining apprenticeship. We hope to appoint another apprentice when circumstances permit.

The requests for workshop time from campus users is still being met although with the joint RSES, RSPhysSE computer controlled Electrical Discharge Machine situated in RSPhysSE workshop the work is being shared and because of the expertise developed, drawing complex work from interstate.

We have had some success quoting for external work and fitting it in with our school commitments and priorities. This work is generally of an unusual or demanding nature. This is in line with the school’s new approach to funding.

Geoff Woodward built Jim Dunlap’s new helium line with Xiadong Zhang supervising and assembling. Geoff also built the solar cell supports for Paul Tregoning’s Antarctic project.

David Thompson built a new chiller for Malcolm McCulloch with Les Kinsley designing and testing.

Andrew Wilson is building an optically-stimulated luminescence lens and camera system for Nigel Spooner and is working with Iain McCulloch on this project.

Roger Willison built the supplementary coring equipment for the trip to Indonesia sampling corals. This was for Nerilie Abram and Mike Gagan. The trip went well with few problems.

Chris Morgan completed the heat exchanger parts for Geophysical Fluid Dynamics before moving onto his new position in the GFD laboratory.

We are building a new larger and improved filament degasser for Environmental Geochemistry and Geochronology to a concept by Malcolm McCulloch designed by the workshop.

All of this is happening around the usual emergencies, consumables, minor jobs and Shrimp multiple collector development.