Marine Geology & IODP


The Marine Geology Group is studying processes related to the formation and destruction of ocean floor at ocean ridges, arcs, and backarcs, the interface between crust and mantle, associated mass transfer, and time-integrated evolution of mantle reservoirs. A key area of research is the study of volcanic processes, including subaerial and submarine intra-plate and island arc volcanoes, physical volcanology, geochemistry and petrology of mantle-derived melts and volcanic interaction with the biosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere. The Group uses a wide variety of analytical tools including experimental simulations, radiogenic and stable isotope research, petrochemical investigations and numerical modelling.

The group is working in close collaboration with the Australian Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) office located at RSES.


  • Buchs, D.M., Arculus, R.J., Baumgartner, P.O., and Ulianov, A. (2011) Oceanic intraplate volcanoes exposed: example from seamounts accreted in Panama. Geology, 39, 335-338.
  • Heyworth, Z., Knesel, K.M., Turner, S.P., and Arculus, R.J. (2011) Pb-isotopic evidence for rapid trench-parallel mantle flow beneath Vanuatu. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 168, 265-271.
  • Sun, W.D., Ding, X., Hu, Y.H., Zartman, R.E., Arculus, R.J., Kamenetsky, V.S., and Chen, M. (2011) The fate of subducted oceanic crust: a mineral segregation model. International Geology Review, 53, 879-893.
  • Price, R., Spandler, C., Arculus, R., and Reay, A. (2011) The Longwood Igneous Complex, Southland, New Zealand: a Permo-Jurassic,intra-oceanic, subduction-related, I-type batholithic complex. Lithos, 126, 1-21.
  • Arculus, R. (2011) Submarine volcanism deeply explosive. Nature Geoscience, 4, 737-738.
  • Lupton, J.E., Arculus, R.J., Evans, L.J., and Graham, D.W. (2012) Mantle hotspot neon in basalts from the Northwest Lau back-arc Basin. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, DOI: 10.1029/2012GL051201.
  • Lupton, J.E., Arculus, R.J., Resing, J., Massoth, G.J., Greene, R.R., Evans, L.J., and Buck, N. (2012) Hydrothermal activity in the Northwest Lau Backarc Basin: evidence from water column measurements. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13, DOI: 10.1029/2011GC003891.
  • Jenner, F.E., Arculus, R.J., Mavrogenes, J.A., Dyriw, N.J., Nebel, O., and Hauri, E.H. (2012) Chalcophile element systematics in volcanic glasses from the northwestern Lau Basin. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13, DOI: 10.1029/2012GC004088.
  • Dale, C.W., Macpherson, C.G., Pearson, D.G., Hammond, S.J., and Arulus, R.J. (2012) Inter-element fractionation of highly siderophile elements in the Tonga Arc due to flux melting of a depleted source. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 89, 202-225.
  • Escrig, S., Bezos, A., Langmuir, C.H., Michael, P.J., and Arculus, R.J. (2012) Characterizing the effect of mantle source, subduction input and melting in the Fonualei Spreading Center, Lau Basin: constraints on the origin of the boninitic signature of the back-arc lavas. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13, DOI: 10.1029/2012GC004130.
  • Lytle, M.L., Kelley, K.A., Hauri, E.H., Gill, J.B., Papia, D., and Arculus, R.J. (2012) Tracing mantle sources and Samoan influence in the northwestern Lau back-arc basin. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13, DOI: 10.1029/2012GC004233.
  • Caulfield, J., Turner, S., Arculus, R., Dale, C., Jenner, F., Pearce, J., Macpherson, C., and Handley, H. (2012) Mantle flow, volatiles, slab-surface temperatures and melting dynamics in the north Tonga arc-Lau back-arc basin. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, DOI: 10.1029/2012JB009526.
  • Park, J.W., Campbell, I.H., and Arculus, R.J. (2012) Platinum-alloy and sulfur saturation in an arc-related basalt to rhyolite suite: evidence from the Pual Ridge lavas, the Eastern Manus Basin. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 101, 76-95.
  • Nebel, Oliver; Arculus, Richard J.; van Westrenen, Wim; (2013) Coupled Hf-Nd-Pb isotope co-variations of HIMU oceanic island basalts from Mangaia, Cook-Austral islands, suggest an Archean source component in the mantle transition zone. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, 112, 87-101.   DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2013.03.
  • Buchs, David M.; Bagheri, Sasan; Martin, Laure; Arculus, Richard, J. (2013) Paleozoic to Triassic ocean opening and closure preserved in Central Iran: Constraints from the geochemistry of meta-igneous rocks of the Anarak area. Lithos, 172, 267-287   DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2013.02.009.
  • Nebel, O., Arculus, R.J., Rapp, B., Ivanic, T.J., Wills, K. (2013) Upper Zone of the Archean Windimurra layered mafic intrusion, Western Australia: insights into fractional crystallisation in a large magma chamber; Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry (Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie), doi:10.1127/0077-7757/2013/0249.
  • Nebel, O., Arculus, R.J., Ivanic, T.J., Nebel-Jacobsen, Y.J. (2013) Lu-Hf isotopic memory of plume-lithosphere interaction in the source of layered mafic intrusions, Windimurra Igneous Complex, Yilgarn Craton, Australia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 380, 151-161
  • Kendrick, M.,  Arculus, R.,  Honda, M. ( 2013)  Quantifying brine assimilation by submarine magmas: examples from the Galápagos Rift and Lau Basin. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, in press,
  • O‘Connor, J., Jokat, W. Le Roex, A. , Class, C. , Wijbrans, J., Kessling, S., Kuiper, K., Nebel, O. (2012): Plume and plate controls on South Atlantic hotspot trails, Nature Geoscience, Vol 5, p735-738
  • Jenner, F.E., Bennett, V.C. Yaxley, G., Friend, C.R.L., Nebel, O. (2013): Eo-Archaean with-in plate basalts from S.W. Greenland, Geology
  • Wille, M., Nebel, O., van Kranendonk, M., Schoenberg, R., Kleinhanns, I., Ellwood, M.J., Alibert, C. (2013): Mo-Cr isotope evidence for a reducing Archean atmosphere in 3.46-2.76 Ga black shales from Pilbara, Western Australia, Chemical Geology, 340, p. 68-76
  • Owen-Smith, T.M., Ashwal, L.D., Torsvik, T.H., Ganerod, M., Nebel, O., Webb, S.J., Werner, S.C. (2013): Seychelles alkaline suite records the culmination of Deccan Traps continental flood volcanism, Lithos,182/183, p.33-47

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