ANU Radiocarbon Laboratory


We research a wide range of topics relating to the use of carbon-14 in the environment. This includes using carbon-14 for dating purposes in, for example,. archaeology and forensics. We also utilize carbon-14 as a tracer in the global carbon cycle, both in soils and in ocean circulation.

We also provide general radiocarbon dating services, see pages on right and/or contact us (,



Research support officer

Graham Nash

 +61 2 61259968


Bold = Radiocarbon Laboratory personnel

Accepted for publication

  • Whitau, R., Balme, J., O’Connor, S., Wood, R.,(available online 21st September 2016). Wood Charcoal Analysis at Riwi Cave, Gooniyandi Country, Western Australia, Quaternary International
  • Wood, R., Bernaldo de Quiros, F., Maillo-Fernandez, J.-M., Tejero, J.-M., Neira, A., Higham, T. (available online 1st April 2016). El Castillo (Cantabria, northern Iberia) and the Transitional Aurignacian: Using radiocarbon dating to assess site taphonomy. Quaternary International


  • Lahr, M, Rivera, F., Power, R.K., Mounier, A., Copsey, B., Crivellaro, F., Edung, J.E., Maillo Fernandez, J.M., Kiarie, C., Lawrence, J., Leakey, A., Mbua, E., Miller, H., Muigai, A., Mukhongo, D.M., Van Baelen, A., Wood, R., Schwenninger, J.-L., Grün, R., Achyuthan, H., Wilshaw, A., Foley, R.A., 2016. Inter-group violence among early Holocene hunter-gatherers of West Turkana, Kenya. Nature 529 (7586), 394-398.
  • Westaway, M., Williams, D., Wright, R., Wood, R., Olley, J., Swift, J., Martin, S., Kemp, J., Rolton, S., Bates, W., 2016. The death of Kaakutja: a case of peri-mortem weapon trauma in an Aboriginal man from north-western New South Wales, Australia. Antiquity 90(535), 1318-1333.
  • Wood, R., Duval, M., Nguyen, T.M.H., Nguyen, A.T., Bacon, A.M., Demeter, F., Duringer, P., Oxenham, M., Piper, P., 2016. The effect of grain size on carbonate contaminant removal from tooth enamel: towards and improved pretreatment for radiocarbon dating. Quaternary Geochronology, 36, 174-187.
  • Wood, R.*,  Jacobs, Z.*, Vannieuwenhuyse, D.*, Balme, J., O'Connor, S., Whitau, R. 2016. Towards an accurate and precise chronology for the colonization of Australia: The example of Riwi, Kimberley, Western Australia. PLoS ONE (*contributed equally).
  • Zilhão, J., Ajas, A., Badal, E., Burow, C., Kehl, M., López-Sáez, J.A., Pimenta, C., Preece, R.C., Sanchis, A., Sanz, M., Weniger, G.-C., White, D., Wood, R., Angelucci, D.E., Villaverde, V., Zapata, J., 2016. Cueva Antón: A multi-proxy MIS 3 to MIS 5a paleoenvironmental record for SE Iberia. Quaternary Science Reviews. 146, 251-273.
  • Thresher, R.E., Fallon, S.J., Townsend, A.T., (2016). A “core-top” screen for tracel element proxies of environmental conditions and growth rates in the calcite skeletons of bamboo corals (Isididae), Geochem. Cosmochem. Acta, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2016.07.033
  • Komugabe-Dixon, AF, Fallon, SJ, Eggins, SM, Thresher, RE, (2016). Radiocarbon evidence for mid-late Holocene changes in southwest Pacific Ocean Circulation, Paleoceanography
  • Prebble, M., Whitau, R., Meyer, JY, Sibley-Punnett, Fallon, S, Porch, N. (2016). Abrupt late Pliestocene ecological and climate change on Tahiti (French Polynesia), J. Biogeography
  • Puga-Bernabéu, Á., Webster, JM., Braga, JC. Clague, DA., Dutton, A., Eggins,S., Fallon, S., Jacobsen, G., Paduan, JB.,  Potts, DC (2016). Morphology and Evolution of Drowned Carbonate Terraces During the Last Two Interglacial Cycles, Off Hilo, NE Hawaii. Marine Geology 371, 57–81
  • Sanderman, J., Baisden, WT., Fallon,S (2016). Redefining the Inert Organic Carbon Pool. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 92 (January): 149–52. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2015.10.005 



  • Calo, A., Prasetyo, B., Bellwood, P., Lankton, J.W., Gratuze, B., Pryce, T.O., Reinecke, A., Leusch, V., Schenk, H., Wood, R., Bawono, R.A., Kompiang Gede, I.D., Citha Yuliati, N.L.K., Fenner, J., Reepmeyer, C., Castillo, C. and Carter, A.K., 2015, Sembiran and Pacung on the north coast of Bali: a strategic crossroads for early trans-Asiatic exchange. Antiquity. 344, 378-396.
  • Fano, M.A., Cubas, M., Wood, R., 2015. The first farmers in Cantabrian Spain: Contribution of numerical chronology to understand an historical process. Quaternary International. 364, 153-161.                                                                          
  • Gillespie, R., Wood, R., Fallon, S., Stafford Jr., T.W., Southon, J., 2015. New 14C dates for Spring Creek and Mowbray Sawmp megafuna: XAD-2 processing. Archaeology in Oceania. 50(1), 43-48
  • Grammer, G., Fallon, S.J., Izzo, C., Wood, R., Gillanders, B., 2015. Investigation bomb radiocarbon transport in the southern Pacific Ocean with otolith radiocarbon. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 424, 59-68.                                              
  • Maloney T., Wood R., O’Connor S., Whitau R., 2015. Direct dating of resin hafted point technology in Australia. Australian Archaeology, 81, 35-43.
  • Oxenham, M.F., Piper P.J., Bellwood P., Bui C.H., Nguyen K.T.K., Nguyen Q.M., Campos F., Castillo C., Wood R., Sarjeant C., Amano N., Willis A., and Ceron J., 2015, Emergence and diversification of the neolithic in Southern Vietnam: insights from coastal Rach Nui, Journal of Island & Coastal Archaeology, 10, 309-338.
  • Proske, U., Wood, R., Fallon, S., Stevenson, J., 2015. Use of heavy liquid density separation to remove pyrite from sediment samples for radiocarbon dating. Quaternary Geochronology. 25, 66-71.                                                                               
  • Pawlik, A., Piper, P., Wood, R., A Lim, K.K., Faylona, M.G.P.G., Mijares, A.S.B., Porr, M., 2015. Shell tool technology in Island Southeast Asia: an early Middle Holocene Tridacna adze from Ilin Island, Mindoro, Philippines. Antiquity. 344, 292-308.
  • Swift, J., Cupper, M.L., Greig, A., Westaway, M.C., Carter, C., Cantoro, C.M., Wood, R., Jacobesen, G.E., Bertuch, F., 2015. Skeletal arsenic of the pre-Columbian population of Caleta Vitor, northern Chile. Journal of Archaeological Science. 58, 31-45.
  • Wasef S., Wood R., El Merghani S., Ikram S., Curtis C., Holland B., Willerslev E., Millar C.D., Lambert D.M. (2015) Radiocarbon dating of Sacrd Ibis mummies from ancient Egypt. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. 4, 355-361.
  • Wood, R., 2015. From convention to revolution: the past, present and future of radiocarbon dating. Journal of Archaeological Science. 56, 61-72. *Invited contribution                 
  • Carilli, J., Williams, B., Schöne, BR., Krause, R., and Fallon, SJ (2015). “Historical Contaminant Records From Sclerochronological Archives.” In Environmental Contaminants, 18:355–91. Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. doi:10.1007/978-94-017-9541-8_13.
  • Prouty NG, Roark EB, Andrews A, Robinson L, Hill T, Sherwood O, Willams B, Guilderson T, Fallon S (2015). Age, Growth Rates, and Paleoclimate Studies of Deep Sea Corals. In: Hourigan TF, Etnoyer PJ, Cairns SD, Tsao C-F (eds) The State of Deep-Sea Coral and Sponge Ecosystems of the United States: 2015. NOAA Technical Memorandum X. NOAA, Silver Spring, p 10-1 – 10-21. 
  • Fallon, S, McDougall, A., Espinoza, T., Roberts, DT., Brooks, S., Kind, P (2015). Updated Methods to Age the Australian Lungfish: Reply to Kemp (2015) Radiocarbon 57(1): 195–96. doi:10.2458/azu_rc.57.18199
  • Freeman, E., Skinner, LC., Reimer, R., Fallon, SJ (2015). “Graphitization of small carbonate samples for paleoceanographic research at the Godwin Radiocarbon Laboratory, University of Cambridge", Radiocarbon, 1-9
  • Sanderman, J., Krull,E.,  Kuhn, T., Hancock,G., McGowan, J., Maddern, T., Fallon, S., Steven, A (2015). Deciphering Sedimentary Organic Matter Sources: Insights From Radiocarbon Measurements and NMR Spectroscopy. Limnology and Oceanography: 60 (3): 739–753. doi:10.1002/lno.10064
  • Skinner, L, McCave, IN., Carter, L., Fallon, S., Scrivner, AE., Primeau, F. (2015). Reduced Ventilation and Enhanced Magnitude of the Deep Pacific Carbon Pool During the Last Glacial Period. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 411 (February): 45–52. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.11.024


  • Douka K., Higham T.F.G., Wood R., Boscato P, Gambassini P, Karkanas T., Peresani M., Ronchitelli A., (2014). On the chronology of the Uluzzian. Journal of Human Evolution. 68, 1-13.
  • Long, K., Stern, N., Williams, I.S., Kinsley, L., Wood, R., Sporcic, K., Kelly, T. Fallon, S., Kokkonen, H., Moffat, I., Grün, R., 2014. Fish otolith geochemistry, environmental conditions and human occupation at Lake Mungo, Australia, Quaternary Science Reviews. 88, 82-95.
  • Wright, D., Nejman, L., d’Errico, F., Králík, M., Wood, R., Ivanov, M., Hladilová, S., accepted, 11.12.2013. An Early Upper Palaeolithic decorated bone tubular rod from Pod Hradem Cave, Czech Republic. Antiquity, 88(339), 30-46.
  • Fallon, S.J., Thresher, R.E., Adkins, J. (2014) Age and growth of the cold-water scleractinian Solenosmilia variabilis and its reef on SW Pacific seamounts, Coral Reefs, 33 (1), pp. 31-38.
  • Komugabe, A.F., Fallon, S.J., Thresher, R.E., Eggins, S.M. (2014) Modern Tasman Sea surface reservoir ages from deep-sea black corals, Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 99, pp. 207-212.
  • Strzepek, K.M., Thresher, R.E., Revill, A.T., Smith, C.I., Komugabe, A.F., Fallon, S.J. (2014) Preservation effects on the isotopic and elemental composition of skeletal structures in the deep-sea bamboo coral Lepidisis spp. (Isididae), Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 99, pp. 199-206.
  • Wilson, SA, Harrison, AL, Dipple, Gm, Power, IM, Barker, SLL, Mayer, KU, Fallon, SJ, Raudsepp, M, Southam, G, (2014). Offsetting of CO2 emissions by air capture in mine tailing at the Mount Keith Nickel Mine, Western Australia, rates, controls and prospects for carbon neutral mining, Intl J. Greenhouse Gas Control 25, 121-140
  • Manning, AD., Coles, BJ., Lunn, AG., Halley, DJ., Ashmole, P., Fallon, SJ (2014). New evidence of late survival of beaver in Britain, The Holocene, 24: 1849-1855, doi:10.1177/0959683614551220
  • Wood, RE., Arrizabalaga, A., Camps, M., Fallon, S., Iriarte-Chiapusso, M.-J., Jones, R., Maroto, J., de la Rasilla, M., Santamaría, D., Soler, J., Soler, N., Villaluenga, A., Higham, T.F.G. (2014). The chronology of the earliest Upper Palaeolithic in northern Iberia: New insights from L'Arbreda, Labeko Koba and La Viña, Journal of Human Evolution, Volume 69, 91-109, ISSN 0047-2484
  • Skinner, LC., Waelbroeck, C., Scrivner, AE., Fallon, SJ  (2014). Radiocarbon evidence for alternating northern and southern sources of ventilation of the deep Atlantic carbon pool during the last deglaciation, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111 (15) 5480-5484; doi:10.1073/pnas.1400668111



  • Higham, T., Wood, R., Moreau, L., Ramsey, C.B., 2013. Comments on 'Human-climate interaction during the early Upper Palaeolithic: Testing the hypothesis of an adaptive shift between the Proto-Aurignacian and the Early Aurignaican' by Banks et al. Journal of Human Evolution, 65, 806-809.
  • Jorda Pardo, J.F., Menendez Fernández, M., Carral Gonzalez, P.C., Quesada Lopez, J.M., Wood, R., 2013. Geoarchaeology and chronostratigraphy of the Middle-Upper Palaeolithic transition at the cave of La Guelga (Cangas de Onis, Asturias, Spain). In Pastoors, A., Auffermann B. (Eds.) Pleistocene Foragers on the Iberian Peninsula: Their culture and environment. Festschrift in honour of Gerd-Christian Weninger for his sixtieth birthday. Wissenschaftliche Schriften des Neanderthal Museums, 7, Mettmann, 85 - 106.
  • Kehl, M., Burrow, C., Hilgers, A., Navazo, M., Pastoors, A., Weninger, G.-C., Wood, R., Jorda Pardo, J.,F., 2013. Late Neanderthals at Jarama VI (central Iberia)? Quaternary Research, 80(2), 218-234.
  • Nejman, L., Wright, D., Lisá, L., Doláková, N., Horáček, I., Novák, J., Wood, R., Pacher, M., Sázelová, S., Holub, M., Přichystal, A., Nývltová Fišáková, M., Bajer, A., 2013. Hominids and palaeoenvironments in the Moravian Karst during Marine Isotope Stage 3: new excavations in Pod Hradem Cave, Czech Republic, Antiquity Project Gallery, 87(337).
  • Storm, P., Wood, R., Stringer, C., Bartsiokas, A., de Vos, J., Aubert, M., Kinsley, L., Grun, R. (2013) U-series and radiocarbon analyses of human and faunal remains from Wajak, Journal of Human Evolution. 64, 356-365
  • Wood, R.E., Barroso-Ruiz, C., Caparros, M., Jorda. J.F., Galvan Santos, B., Higham, T.F.G., 2013a. Radiocarbon dating casts doubt on the late chronology of the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition in southern Iberia, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 110 (8), 2781-2786.
  • Wood, R.E., Higham T.F.G., Torres, T, Tisnerat-Laborde, N., Valladas, H., Ortiz, J.E., Lalueza-Fox, C., Sanchez-Moral, S., Canaveras, J.C., Roses, A., Santamaria, D., de la Rasilla, M., 2013b. A new date for the Neanderthals from El Sidrón Cave (Asturias, Northern Spain). Archaeometry. 55(1), 148-158.
  • Wood, R.E., Higham, T.F.G., Buzilhova, A., Suvorov, A., Heinemeier, J., Olsen, J., 2013c. Freshwater radiocarbon reservoir effects at the burial ground of Minino, Northwest Russia. Radiocarbon, 55(1), 163-177.
  • Wood, R.E., Barroso-Ruiz, C., Caparros, M., Jorda. J.F., Galvan Santos, B., Higham, T.F.G., 2013. Reply to de la Penya: Radiocarbon dating and the paleoenvironmental record of Carihuela, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 110(23), E2087.
  • George, C.S., Wallis, L.A., Keys, B., Wilson, C., Wright, D., Fallon, S., Sumner, M., Hemming, S. (2013) Radiocarbon dates for coastal midden sites at Long Point in the Coorong, South Australia, Australian Archaeology, 77, pp. 141-147.
  • Skinner, L.C., Scrivner, A.E., Vance, D., Barker, S., Fallon, S., Waelbroeck, C. (2013) North atlantic versus southern ocean contributions to a deglacial surge in deep ocean ventilation, Geology, 41 (6), pp. 667-670. C
  • Darrenougue, N., De Deckker, P., Payri, C., Eggins, S., Fallon, S. (2013) Growth and chronology of the rhodolith-forming, coralline red alga Sporolithon durum, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 474, pp. 105-119. Cited 1 time.
  • Buchholz, B.A., Fallon, S.J., Zermeño, P., Bench, G., Schichtel, B.A. (2013) Anomalous elevated radiocarbon measurements of PM2.5, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 294, pp. 631-635.

Updated:  17 June 2019/Responsible Officer:  RSES Webmaster/Page Contact:  RSES Webmaster